Online Profiles

University of South Carolina - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Chemical Engineering

Batteries, Fuel Cells, Hydrogen Storage, Corrosion, and Electrochemical Engineering; Heterogeneous Catalysis, Environmental Catalysis, and Surface Science; Computational Chemistry; Process Modeling, Synthesis, and Control; Biomedical Engineering, Tissue and Protein Engineering, and Biomaterials; Mathematical Modeling of Multiscale Processes; Polymer Processing and Polymer Nanocomposites; Adsorption; Separations; Supercritical Fluids.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Structural Health Monitoring, Structural Dynamics, Modeling of Floods and Turbidity Currents, Computational Methods in Engineering, Bayesian Networks for Watersheds, High Performance and Novel Materials, Bioelectrical Remediation, Soil Liquefaction, Nanomaterials in Environmental Engineering, Water Quality and Management, Toxicity and Environmental Fate, Pavement Design, Levee Breaches, Embankment Design, Self Consolidating Concrete, Non-destructive Testing and Evaluation, Modeling of Truck and Freight Generation and Movement.

Computer Science and Engineering

Multiagent Systems; Reconfigurable Computing; Computer Security and Information Assurance; Image Processing and Pattern Recognition; Bioinformatics; Wireless Sensor Networks; Service-Oriented Computing; Knowledge Representation and Reasoning; Computer Games; Robotics.

Electrical Engineering

Power Systems and Power Electronics; Wide Bandgap Microelectronics and Photonics; Microwave Devices,
Integrated Circuits, and Antennas; Digital Signal Processing; Signal Integrity and Computational Electromagnetics;
Simulation Environments for Power Electronics and Interdisciplinary Systems; Wireless Communications;
Networked Control and Fault-Tolerant Control
Diagnosis, Prognostics and Health Management

Mechanical Engineering

Computational and Experimental Mechanics, Non-destructive Testing and Digital Image (DIC); Predictive Maintenance, Condition Based Maintenance (CBM), Adaptive Materials and Structural Health Monitoring (SHM); High Temperature Materials, Composite Materials, Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC); Biomechanics, Bio-heat, Bio-MEMS and Bio-fluidics; Manufacturing and Material Processing, Joining, specifically Friction Stir Welding; Computational and Experimental Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow: Nuclear Engineering (Nuclear Fuels and Materials)

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Catalysis for Renewable Fuels SmartState Center

The Center for Renewable Fuels is employing world-leading expertise at rational catalyst synthesis to develop heterogeneous catalysts at the heart of processes to generate renewable fuels. These include the thermochemical conversion of biomass into hydrocarbon biofuels such as green gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, and for the electrocatalytic production of solar fuels such as hydrogen and methanol from water splitting and carbon dioxide reduction.

Center for Electrochemical Engineering

Center for Electrochemical Engineering (CEE). The CEE mission is to provide means for students, faculty and industry to interact on projects that involve electrochemical engineering (design and simulation of next generation devices) materials development, corrosion and corrosion protection and electrodeposition. The CEE is developing advanced functional materials for energy production and conversion systems (batteries, supercapacitors, solar and fuel cells and hydrogen storage). The CEE also serves as a focal point for the development (system identification, testing and evaluation) of novel corrosion protection strategies, engineering of cathodic and anodic protection systems and development of environmentally friendly coatings. State-of the art methods are used to evaluate the charge - discharge behavior, utilization and capacity fade and performance of batteries, capacitors solar and fuel cell. Sophisticated corrosion test capabilities (including software guided electrochemical systems, salt and environmental chambers, SEM. XRD, hydrogen permeation into hard alloys) allow a complete evaluation of different types of corrosion and corrosion protection. In the CEE, theoretical and experimental studies are performed to develop nanostructure alloys for DoD and innovative composite materials. Process development is based on techniques such as: under potential deposition (UPD) of monolayers, autocatalytic reduction and potentiostatic pulse (PP) and pulse reversal (PR) plating of amorphous and nanostructured alloys.

Center for Friction Stir Processing NSF I/UCRC

The Center for Friction Stir Processing (CFSP) is a multi-University I/UCRC focused on research and development in the area of friction based materials processing technologies and science. Five universities are supported by approximately 30 industrial sponsors spanning a wide range of industry sectors. At USC, we are focused mainly on light metals for transportation applications: efforts include FSP process development, property characterization of processed materials, and simulation of the process for enhanced understanding of the underlying physics. The missions of the CFSP include education of graduate and undergraduate students, dissemination of new knowledge regarding FSP via publications and presentations, and helping our sponsor organizations to implement these technologies in their production applications.

Center for Grid-connected Advanced Power Electronic Systems NSF I/UCRC

The mission of this center is to accelerate the adoption and insertion of power electronics into the electric grid in order to improve system stability, flexibility, robustness, and economy. More than twenty industry members fund the research via their dues and they prioritize the research directions during semiannual meetings. Research activities are distributed across two sites, this one at USC, and another at the University of Arkansas. Roughly ten professors and twenty graduate students participate in center-funded research projects, which aim to 1) develop new technologies for advanced power electronic systems in the areas supporting grid connected distributed energy resources, power steering and routing devices, and intelligent load-side devices, 2) develop the software and tools for controlling embedded- and grid-connected power electronics to benefit the grid as well as controlled loads, and 3) educate engineers who understand the power electronic technologies important to the member companies.

Center for Information Assurance Engineering

The Center for Information Assurance Engineering (CIAE) is a research and educational unit at the University of South Carolina. The mission of the Center is to facilitate interdisciplinary collaborations among information security researchers, system developers, and educators to improve the level of security and trustworthiness in the Nation’s cyber infrastructure. Faculty and students associated with the CIAE are working in a broad spectrum of security topics and issues. CIAE also acts as the point of contact for USC as a national Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education

Center for Information Technology

The focus of the Center is on research, industrial development, and education in multiagent systems, cloud and service-oriented computing, ontological engineering, industrial automation, executive decision support, and software development.

Center for Mechanics, Materials and Non-Destructive Evaluation

With the recent addition of the Advanced Materials Institute that focuses on industrially relevant research in the area of friction stir joining, the Center's research projects span a spectrum from basic science to industry applications. Areas of expertise include material characterization at the macro and nano-scale, dynamic and static mechanical testing, structural analysis, state-of-the-art non-contacting strain measurement methods, advanced numerical simulations and fracture mechanics. Facilities include sophisticated mechanical test capabilities (including high-vacuum environmental chambers and dynamic loading systems), optical strain analysis equipment for field and laboratory use, atomic force microscope and nano-scale test system and a unique friction stir welding process development system for manufacturing joints under controlled process conditions. In addition, the Center is supported by the Southeastern Microscopy Center and all Center faculty members have full access to these facilities.

Center for Multifunctional Materials and Structures (MFMS)

The SmartState™ Center for Multifunctional Materials and Structures was established August 16th, 2015. The Center focuses on design, manufacturing and assembly technology for multifunctional hybrid polymer composite structures. The Center is closely related to USC’s McNAIR Center and has tight links with the Polymer Science Department of Clemson University. The research is multidisciplinary and aims for material level and structures level solutions for simultaneous fulfillment of multiple life cycle functions such as manufacturability, reparability, inspectibility, monitoribility and morphing ability. All research aims for industrial application and includes curiosity based exploration. The mission of the Center is to deliver a steady stream of research output and high quality research graduates to the industry to fuel and support innovation and economic development in SC in the field of Advanced Multi-functional Structures and Materials.

Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) Center

The CBM Research Center has supported the U.S. Army and the U.S. Navy by conducting research to support a timely and cost-effective aircraft maintenance program. Research emphasis has been on the collection of historical data, as well as aircraft component testing. A critical pre-requisite of CBM is to have a well-established baseline of historical data by which to measure and compare performance, usage, wear, and failure of helicopter mission critical components. The available logistics, usage, maintenance, supply, missions, and training procedure data provides a valuable building block in creating a baseline for CBM. The CBM test facilities include full-scale drive train test stand capable of testing several platforms such as the U.S. Army Apache, Blackhawk, and Chinook helicopters. The facility tests the performance of systems, subsystems, and components of the three platforms through measurements of vibration, speed, load, acoustic emission, and temperature. The data are stored in a central server and analyzed to develop diagnosis and prognosis algorithms for better predictive and proactive maintenance of aircraft. The CBM Center also generates value engineering and cost benefit analysis (CBA) algorithms and models of CBM programs such as the U.S. Army CBM program. CBA has demonstrated significant savings as a direct result of CBM. These research activities are funded by the U.S. Army, U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command, Army Research Office, US Army Research Laboratory, and Home Land Security Department.

Nuclear Science and Energy SmartState Center

The Nuclear Science and Energy SmartState Center conducts educational, research and development activities in all aspects of nuclear science and engineering. The Center promotes the integration of nuclear energy into the mix of energy sources and carriers needed for sustainable economic growth, while striving to minimize adverse social and environmental risks. The Center aims at enabling collaborative investments, and fosters interdisciplinary activities in support of sound energy policy decisions through data-driven communications with business leaders and policymakers.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell SmartState Center

The SOFC Center is a South Carolina SmartState Center located in the Horizon I Research building at USC. There are currently eight faculty, five staff, and over thirty students who work in the Center. They conduct research and development activities that are concerned with the materials, processing, modeling and analysis that supports design for performance and durability of solid oxide fuel cells, electrolyzers, carbon sequestration, energy storage, and energy conversion devices. Funding for that research comes from DoD, DoE, DARPA, NASA, NSF, and corporations such as Exxon-Mobile, Protonex and ENrG Inc. The SOFC Group also leads the DoE Energy Frontiers Research Center for Functional Materials, the 'HeteroFoaM Center,' which involves seven universities and two national laboratories. The Center has a full complement of high temperature materials analysis devices, including surface and bulk property analysis equipment for electrical, electrochemical, physical, and dielectric property determination up to and beyond temperatures of 1000 C.

Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity SmartState Center

The Strategic Environmental Approaches to the Generation of Electricity SmartState Center is conducting interdisciplinary research to reduce the environmental effects of electricity production from coal and to develop novel technologies for the use of coal. It focuses on developing approaches and improving current environmental control technologies for coal power plants, including mercury and gas emission controls. The development of novel materials and chemical processes to capture CO2 and to find a use for carbon emissions is another main focus. Current research includes pressure swing adsorption for CO2 capture, coal pulverization, development of catalytic materials for CO2 utilization for chemicals production and of more efficient de-NOx catalysts, and the discovery of novel mercury oxidation catalysts.

The McNair Center

The McNAIR Center for Aerospace Innovation and Research is a full service (design, manufacture, characterization, testing and certification) center supporting the international aerospace industry. The McNAIR Center is named to honor South Carolina native and astronaut Dr. Ronald E. McNair who died on the ill-fated 1986 Challenger flight. The McNAIR Center aspiration is to inspire and educate generations of South Carolinians " both young men and women - who like Dr. McNair will someday push the boundaries of human accomplishment, both locally and world-wide. The McNAIR Center is focused on five mission areas: 1) Academics: 2) Research (analysis, design, and optimization of engineered materials that include polymeric, metallic and ceramic composites, light weight metals, stir friction welding and processing, advanced composite structures and certification, durability, fatigue analysis, and health monitoring and condition based maintenance of lightweight structures); 3) Total Workforce Development; 4) STEM Program Support and Advocacy; 5) Create Economic Activities and Jobs.

Transformational Nuclear Technologies in the General Atomics Center

The mission is to help lead the nuclear engineering program at USC toward establishing a "unique value proposition" within the global nuclear research community while strengthening its participation in the broader policy decisions affecting the future of the technology. The research focuses on nuclear fuel and waste materials including alternative nuclear fuel systems that will provide for improved performance and greater accident tolerance and in improving the behavior and efficiency of nuclear waste forms. The long-term benefits include supporting continued expansion of nuclear technology, which is an important economic driver for South Carolina, and teaming with the Savannah River Site entities to help them to broaden their efforts and activities.