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University of California, Riverside - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department


Bioengineering at UCR is an interdisciplinary effort that couples expertise in the biosciences and engineering in order to make biologically-based, health and medical-related technological advances for positive societal impact.

Chemical and Environmental Engineering

The Chemical and Environmental Engineering department research is focused on the areas of bioengineering, environmental biotechnology, advanced materials, air quality systems engineering, and water quality systems engineering.
Bioengineering and environmental biotechnology have been a central focus in the Department. Remediation of hazardous waste sites, degradation of recalcitrant organic compounds such as pesticides, heavy metals, and chlorinated organics, development of biosensors for applications in environmental, clinical, foot and process monitoring, waste gas treatment, fuel production, and organic phase biochatalysis are just a few of the areas being invesigated.
Research in the area of advanced materials addresses synthesis, electronic structure, magnetism, superconductivity of molecules, and materials such as fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. Also being explored are the potential of mean force between colloidal particles in electrolyte solutions, programmed assembly of colloidal particles for fabrication of photonic-band-gap materials, and design and synthesis of low k zeolite thin films by in-situ crystallization and by evaporation-driven self-assembly of zeolite nanocrystals for next generation computer microprocessors.
Research in air quality, performed in close association with the College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology, includes an understanding of physico-chemical processes involved in smog formation, characterization of emissions for all sources, the development of technology to minimize or eliminate these emissions, and the development of analytical tools needed to assess the impact of the implementation of this technology.
In the area of water quality, research is oriented toward the analysis and design of engineered and natural water quality systems, water resources plannning, and management.

Computer Science & Engineering

While students may study in many areas, active research programs in algorithm design, artificial intelligence, computational biology, computer architecture, computer networks, distributed systems, operating systems, databases, compilers, software engineering, digital systems, VLSI/CAD, embedded systems design, and theory
of computation provide special opportunities for thesis research topics and assistantship support. The goal of the program is to take people with raw talent and intellect, nurture them in the Department through a thorough immersion in coursework and research, and produce well-educated researchers and future leaders in Computer Science and Engineering. The Department's facilities include over 130 desktop computers that run a combination of Windows NT and UNIX together with three Windows NT, two UltraSPARC, and ten Linux servers. In addition, a variety of operating systems, and specialized software and hardware is supported in six research labs. The Department's machines communicate via switched 100Mbit Fast Ethernet to the desktop, aggregated to a routed Gigabit Ethernet core.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering research is distributed into three primary focus areas at present. A fourth focus area in circuits is being developed. Research in control, robotics, and manufacturing includes distributed and cellular robotic systems, adaptive learning and neural/fuzzy control, systems and controls, system identification, robust control, linear multivariable systems theory, control-oriented optimization, process control, and nonlinear dynamics and control. Research in signal processing and communications includes distributed asynchronous signal processing, image processing, neural networks for pattern recognition, principles of data transmission and storage, error-correcting coding, models of diffusion neurotransmission, and information theory. Research in intelligent systems includes self-organization of sensors, swarm intelligence, GPS/INS navigation, autonomous vehicles, computer vision and image processing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, learnable nonlinear synapse models, and medical imaging applications.

Materials Science & Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering is concerned with the creation of materials with novel properties and their use in a variety of fields ranging from ultra-fast computer chips and high-efficiency solar cells to high-powered jets, and even beauty products. Today, engineering innovations are increasingly dependent on breakthroughs in materials at the micro- and nanometer scale. Students in MSE acquire a solid background in the basic sciences and in the engineering of materials, with hands-on laboratory experience in nano-scale materials characterization and processing.

Mechanical Engineering

The Mechanical Engineering department research activities include the broad areas of fluid and thermal science, mechanical design, and applied mechanics and materials. Examples of specific research areas include air quality modeling, turbulent combustion with application to forest fires, multi-phase heat transfer in porous media, aircraft brake cooling, cryogen spray cooling for biomedical applications, sketch-understanding, mechanical design and artificial intelligence, fracture and deformation of materials, direct measurement of thin film interface properties, nanofabrication of semiconductors and polymers, structure and properties of carbon nanotubes, self-assembly of nanostructures, fabrication of cell-based biosensors, and smart materials.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Center for Bioengineering Research

The Center for Bioengineering Research (CBR) is the focus of research activities of the Department of Bioengineering in cooperation with other UC Riverside engineering and science departments. It also has outreach activities with biomedical research units at other regional and cooperating institutions. CBR also serves as the research arm of our Bioengineering Interdepartmental Graduate Program and provides extraordinary additional interdisciplinary research opportunities for students. CBR is being organized in technical divisions, the first of which is the Biomolecular Imaging Research Team (BIRT). The focus of the team is on developing new cutting-edge biophotonic technologies, utilizing a large array of advanced optical tools. Some current projects include the development of nanoparticles for laser treatment of cancer, mechanism of hearing, mechanism of charge transfer in biological systems, non-invasive monitoring of neurological systems and microfluidic devices for detection of infectious agents.

Center for Environmental Research & Tech.

The College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT) at the University of California, Riverside, conducts research aimed at improving air quality and energy efficiency. CE-CERT has established itself as an "honest broker" trusted by industry and government to develop and assess environmental and energy technologies. These extramurally-sponsored projects provide opportunities for graduate and undergraduate students to conduct research and gain practical, applied experience. Major initiatives of the Center are the Program for the Study of Extremely Low-Emission Vehicles, the Program for Study of Heavy-Duty Truck Emissions, atmospheric chemistry research, and environmental modeling.

Center for Nanoscale Science & Engineering

The Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering conducts research on nanotechnology at the interface of carbon, silicon and biology. The Center currently has facilities in the Colleges of Engineering and Science and is in the process of constructing a Semiconductor Processing and Nanofabrication Center. The program of research in nanoscale science and engineering focuses on materials science, electronic and optical devices, and biology. The Center generates the knowledge and techniques necessary to engineer molecules and structures at the nanoscopic level that will provide the basis for revolutionary new materials, devices and biomedical procedures. Our program is designed to transfer this technology to the workplace by educating students in the practice and applications of nanotechnology and through the creation of new industries based on nanotechnology.

Center for Research in Intelligent Systems

The Center for Research in Intelligent Systems (CRIS) promotes interdisciplinary research for developing computer systems that are flexible, adaptive, and intelligent. The ultimate goal of the Center is the research and development of autonomous/semi-autonomous systems with sensing capabilities that are able to communicate and interact with other intelligent (biological and artificial) systems. These intelligent systems will be able to perform tasks that require understanding of the environment through knowledge, learning, reasoning, and planning. CRIS involves an interdisciplinary team of 18 UCR faculty members from seven departments (Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Psychology, Economics, Statistics, Mathematics, and Management). This collaboration encourages greater in-depth understanding and broader perspectives than are frequently possible within a single department.

UC Light

The Center for Ubiquitous Communication by Light (UC-Light) will be funded with $3.5 million from the Multicampus Research Program and Initiatives (MRPI) competition within the University of California system.

Winston Chung Global Energy Center

At the Winston Chung Global Energy Center, the emphasis is on integration of generation, storage, distribution:
battery storage will be integrated to other energy generation research: for example, solar photovoltaic array and/or advanced concentrated solar testbed
system will be tied to local utility power grid; CERT already has local power grid connection, we are making plans to make connections more flexible
energy generation and storage will be used for existing power needs at the CERT research facility, including electric vehicles.