Online Profiles

University of Delaware - 2016

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Graduate

Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering is very broad, encompassing all aspects of medicine with many fields of engineering. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the program, faculty that are affiliated with this field are currently housed in the College of Engineering and the College of Arts & Sciences. Their research falls into the following 4 broad research areas:
• Cancer Therapy & Diagnosis
• Disease Modeling
• Musculoskeletal & Neural Engineering
• Tissue Engineering, Biomaterials, and Drug Delivery
The program’s mission: To deliver an exceptional education enabling students to apply quantitative engineering design and analysis to biomedicine; and to conduct high impact engineering research advancing fundamental understanding of physiology and the mechanisms that drive disease, and developing technologies and therapies to improve human health.

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Faculty, graduate students and many undergraduate students conduct fundamental and applied research in most aspects of modern Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. In addition to the classical subjects of the curriculum"thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, kinetics and reaction engineering and transport phenomena"we have active research programs in frontier subjects such as systems biology, microfluidics, nanotechnology, high-throughput experimentation, energy production using fuel cells and many others. We maintain an up-to-date program by the frequent addition of new faculty with expertise in novel and exciting research areas, and by existing faculty starting new research programs within their groups. The vigorous and ever-changing program has been a hallmark of our department since the late forties and attests at the dedication of both faculty and students to apply scientific understanding to meeting human needs. We are among the most productive departments in terms of number of Ph.D. degrees that are given each year and our graduates follow industrial and academic careers with equal success.

Civil & Environmental Engineering

Research in civil and environmental engineering is often an interdisciplinary endeavor. Our faculty specialize in six main areas (listed below) but frequently cross group and departmental boundaries to collaborate with experts in other areas, ranging from materials science to biochemistry to oceanography.
• Civil Infrastructure Systems
• Coastal & Ocean
• Environmental & Water
• Geotechnical
• Structural
• Transportation
The CEE Department also houses four multidisciplinary research centers, which facilitate collaboration by engineers and scientists, students and visiting scholars to address questions and issues in specific areas:
• Center for Applied Coastal Research
• Center for the Study of Metals in the Environment
• Delaware Center for Transportation Studies
• Resiliency of Transportation Corridors (a Tier II University Transportation Center)

Computer & Information Sciences

The CIS graduate program is centered around research. CIS faculty are internationally known as leaders in their research areas, publishing papers in premier international conferences and journals, winning awards, disseminating software for others to leverage their research, securing grants from major funding agencies, and training Ph.D. students who themselves become known as prominent researchers. Students have a wide range of research areas to choose from. Core research areas include: Artificial Intelligence; Bioinformatics; Computer Graphics; Computer Networks; Computer Vision; High Performance Computing; Natural Language Processing & Information Retrieval; Software Engineering; Theory of Computation.

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Research in UD's ECE department is diverse. Its interdisciplinary modern research environment covers topics of interest that range from photonics to internet technologies. Faculty research can be divided into three broad areas:
• Computer Engineering
• Nanoelectronics, Electromagnetics & Photonics
• Signal Processing, Communications & Controls
Joint and secondary faculty appointments exist with Physics, Mechanical Engineering, and Computer Science. Moreover, entrepreneurship exists both as joint MSE/business school courses at the academic training level and as intellectual property and start-up companies that grow from faculty research.

Materials Science & Engineering

The faculty represent a diverse array of academic backgrounds with degrees from institutions across the country and professional backgrounds from industry (IBM, Lucent, DuPont, Kimberly Clark) and national laboratories (National Institute of Standards and Technology). This diversity is also clearly evident in the interdisciplinary modern research environment of the department with topics of interest ranging from photovoltaics to biomaterials. Joint and secondary faculty appointments exist with Physics, Chemical Engineering, and Chemistry/Biochemistry. Finally, entrepreneurship exists both at the academic training level with joint MSEG/business school courses and as intellectual property and start-up companies growing from faculty research. Please explore the faculty/research relationship by either faculty name or research topic of interest.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is the broadest of the engineering disciplines giving students a wide range of opportunities; its strong technical foundation makes opportunities available in both practice and research as well as non-engineering fields such as business, law or medicine. Our graduates are prepared to face the challenges they will encounter - no matter what path they choose. The Department's graduate research program is recognized internationally and includes many cross-disciplinary interests. Specific areas of research focus include:
• Biomedical Engineering
• Clean Energy and Environment
• Composites and Advanced Materials
• Nanotechnology
Faculty in Mechanical Engineering lead or participate in a number of major research institutes and centers:
• Center for Biomechanical Engineering Research (CBER)
• Center for Composite Material (CCM)
• Center for Fuel Cell Research (CFCR)
• Delaware Rehabilitation Institute (DRI)
• Delaware Biotechnology Institute (DBI)
• Institute for Energy Conversion (IEC)
• University of Delaware Energy Institute (UDEI)

Office of the Dean - Biomechanics & Movement Science

Biomechanics & Movement Science: The Biomechanics and Movement Science Program includes faculty from the College of Engineering, College of Health Science, and College of Arts & Sciences who use an interdisciplinary approach to research and graduate education. Our Masters and PhD students study in one of 5 Areas of Study that cross traditional academic boundaries including: Applied Anatomy & Biomechanics; Applied/Exercise Physiology; Molecular/Tissue Biomechanics; Motor Control and Behavior; and Rehabilitation Engineering. Graduate students work with Faculty Advisors to design Plans of Study that suit their unique academic and research interests.

Office of the Dean - Financial Services Analytics

Financial Services Analytics is an emerging multi-disciplinary field that studies information systems design, analysis, and techniques utilizing data produced and used in the financial services industry, with a primary focus on scientific inquiry, innovation in business functions, and ultimately improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the financial services industry for economic and societal benefit. It is a rapidly expanding field where business, engineering, technology, management science, finance and economics disciplines converge.

Office of the Dean - Renewable Energy & Policy

Professionals with the needed prerequisite background (holding an
undergraduate degree in a Science -
Technology - Engineering - Math (STEM) field) who are seeking to strengthen their knowledge of renewable energy technologies
and policy can earn the REEP - CERT as a graduate/non-degree student, with completion noted on a graduate transcript. The REEP - CERT courses can be applied toward a graduate engineering degree program if/when the individual applies to/is accepted into such a degree program. The REEP
-CERT program, therefore, serves as a recruitment tool. It should be noted that satisfactory completion of the
REEP-CERT does not guarantee a
dmission to a graduate degree program, but can serve to strengthen the application if the student has done well in the certificate program.

Office of the Dean - Water Science & Policy

Water Science & Policy: The interdisciplinary program in Water Science & Policy educates students to address the complex challenges that we face today; to develop solutions that are socially acceptable, economically viable, and environmentally sustainable; and to be true stewards of our environment. Our cadre of top-notch faculty represents many disciplines " hydrology, geology, geography, plant and soil sciences, microbiology, ecology, engineering, economics, and public policy, to name a few " but we share a common vision. We aim to better understand water and its relationship to Earth’s diverse systems and to better manage and protect our precious water resources. Research interests among the Engineering faculty include:
Transport of fluids and contaminants in multiphase systems; mass transfer processes in soil, groundwater, surface water, and in landfills; mathematical modeling.
Population dynamics of biological wastewater treatment processes; biotransformation of environmental contaminants in natural and engineered systems.
Application of colloid and interface science to water and wastewater treatment processes.
Water quality modeling; water quality and sediment quality criteria models for organic chemicals, metals, mixtures; organic chemical and metal sorption models; statistical models.
Industrial wastewater management; aquatic chemistry; soil and groundwater remediation; environmental nanomaterials and processes.
Microbial responses to environmental inputs using high-throughput sequencing, bacterial genetics and physiology.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation

The Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI) is a multi-institutional Energy Frontier Research Center established in 2009 by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The center’s mission is to develop enabling science that leads to new or improved heterogeneous catalytic technologies for the conversion of cellulosic biomass into value-added chemicals and fuels. CCEI offers an engaging environment that nurtures and educates the next generation of scientists and engineers needed to further develop and implement new catalytic technologies. CCEI is comprised of faculty, graduate students and postdoctoral researchers from 10 institutions nationwide and provides an integrated approach to solving scientific and engineering problems that spans across scales and disciplines, including (1) synthesis and characterization of novel catalysts, (2) development and application of multiscale modeling, (3) reaction and reactor evaluation, and (4) technology transfer. For more information, please visit www.efrc.udel.edu.

Center for Applied Coastal Research

Coastal engineering is the study of the processes ongoing at the shoreline and construction within the coastal zone. The field involves aspects of nearshore oceanography, marine geology, and civil engineering, often directed at combating erosion of coasts or providing navigational access. Center members conduct research on engineering topics including nearshore circulation, beach erosion, and offshore breakwaters; computer modeling of the water waves and the nearshore hydrodynamics; wave breaking; wave-current interaction; and the generation of infragravity waves, such as edge waves.

Center for Bioinformatics & Computational Biology

The Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (CBCB) is an interdisciplinary, cross-campus and inter-institutional initiative for the Delaware research and education community, and is built on the Bioinformatics core at the Delaware Biotechnology Institute (DBI) and the bioinformatics infrastructure of the Protein Information Resource (PRI). The CBCB objectives are: (i) fostering cutting-edge, interdisciplinary research in bioinformatics, computational biology, systems biology, and medical informatics; (ii) establishing graduate degree programs, including Master’s program in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology and PhD program in Bioinformatics and Systems Biology; and (iii) providing scientific expertise and core infrastructure support to meet the bioinformatics needs of the Delaware research and education community.

Center for Biomanufacturing Science & Technology

The newly formed Center for Biomanufacturing Science and Technology brings together faculty at the University of Delaware that tackle a wide array of problems and fundamental challenges in areas ranging from: cell culture processes and bioreactors; high-end and scalable purification processes; product formulation and stability; drug delivery; manufacturing; and analytical technologies, instrumentation, and algorithms to support all of these areas.

Center for Biomedical Engineering Research

CBER is an interdisciplinary center whose mission is to provide engineering science and clinical technology to reduce the impact of disease on the everyday life of individuals. CBER builds on a history of interaction between the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Physical Therapy, Biological Sciences, and Kinesiology and Applied Physiology. A number of research topics are being addressed involving sports medicine (especially ACL injuries), medical imaging (emphasis on MRI and ultrasound), modeling the neural control of limb movements, the use of FES and robots in rehabilitation following stroke, the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis, modeling fatigue in skeletal muscle, and fluid and solute transport in bone.

Center for Carbon-Free Power Integration

The Center for Carbon-free Power Integration (CCPI) at the University of Delaware (UD) fosters interdisciplinary and collaborative scientific research; engages decision makers, industry and civil society and acts as an “honest broker” among them; and enhances the education of the present generation of students with the goal of facilitating the transition to power generation using carbon-free geophysical flows.

Center for Catalytic Science and Technology

The Center for Catalytic Science and Technology was founded in 1978 and has pioneered multidisciplinary research in the scientific and engineering principles of catalysis. Catalysis-based processes represent 90% of current chemical processes and generate 60% of today's chemical products. Catalysis also plays an essential role in the decomposition of pollutants into inert or harmless species, as is practiced in power plans or in the catalytic converters of automobiles. Innovations and improvements in such processes can yield significant energy savings and environmental benefits. The center encompasses a number of research programs that target development of catalysts and processes for alternative and renewable fuels and improvement of commercial processes.

Center for Composite Materials

CCM's interdisciplinary approach to composites science and technology builds on fundamental and applied research to educate and train scientists and engineers for industry, academia and government laboratories. The research is organized into six topic areas -- materials and synthesis, multifunctional materials, mechanics and design, processing science, sensing and control, and performance -- with substantial synergy among them. The Center's research approach is based on the philosophy that processing creates microstructure, which determines properties; in turn, properties coupled with environment determine performance, while the objective of design is to predict the effects of all of these interrelated variables. This philosophy requires an integrated approach to the solution of each new research problem, with teams comprising members from all relevant disciplines.

Center for Energy & Environmental Policy

Established in 1980 at the University of Delaware, the Center is a leading institution for interdisciplinary graduate education, research, and analysis in energy and environmental policy.
CEEP is led by Dr. John Byrne, Distinguished Professor of Energy & Climate Policy at the University. For his contributions to Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 1992, he shares the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with the Panel's authors and review editors.
The Center is composed of an internationally diverse faculty and research staff with backgrounds in a variety of disciplines including economics, sociology, geography, political science, philosophy, engineering, urban planning and environmental studies.
CEEP’s student body is likewise a diverse cultural and intellectual community. Placing a premium on critical thinking and analysis, students at CEEP are addressing a wide spectrum of issues from climate change to energy transformation, environmental justice, indigenous rights, sustainable development and water equity.
CEEP is unique academically, with responsibility for administering baccalaureate, master's and a PhD programs in Energy & Environmental Policy. Its faculty engage students in the classroom through courses and research grants, offering a wide range of learning opportunities.

Center for Fuel Cell Research

The Center for Fuel Cell Research promotes basic and applied research on fuel cells to improve their performance, durability, affordability, and acceptance. Novel materials, architectures, and operating strategies are investigated as well as enabling commercialization with technology transfer to industry. CFCR is committed to development and demonstration projects with a public-outreach component to educate the community about the benefits of fuel cell technology. The Center provides an interdisciplinary platform and infrastructure to facilitate collaborative fuel cell research activity between researchers at the university, and between the university and industry. CFCR faculty pursue research on all aspects of fuel cells (including PEM, DMFC, SOFC, microbial fuel cells) and hydrogen infrastructure (hydrogen production, distribution and storage) research. An example of a current demonstration and outreach project is the UD Fuel Cell Bus Program whose goal is to research, build and demonstrate a fleet of fuel cell buses within the University’s student bus service.

Center for Information and Communications Sciences

CICS has a dual mission: research in information and communications technologies important to national security and facilitating graduate education for the government engineers and scientists moving into the UD service area. CICS will leverage cross-department capabilities and facilities to build a critical mass that can address the needs of its clients, and enhance UD’s reputation as a leading information and communications research institution.

Center for Innovative Bridge Engineering

The center serves as a resource for highway and railroad bridge owners in the United States and worldwide, providing knowledge and people to address problems in the design, construction, evaluation, maintenance, and rehabilitation of bridges and related structures. The center adds to the knowledge base needed to maintain and renew bridge infrastructure through academic and applied multidisciplinary research conducted by affiliated faculty and sponsored by government and industrial partners.

Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics

The Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics (CMET) serves as a focal point stimulating collaborative experimental and theoretical research and encouraging the development of new educational materials in all areas of thermodynamics, soft materials and structured and complex fluids. CMET's eleven faculty members bring together a wide range of theoretical and experimental capabilities in thermophysical properties, separation processes, nanomaterials, polymer physics, interfacial phenomena, rheology, molecular and meso-scale simulations, computational chemistry, quantum mechanics, biomaterials, bio-inspired materials via self-assembly and organic photovoltaics.

Center for the Study of Metals in the Environment

The center is a multi-institutional consortium of scientists and engineers working to further the understanding of processes affecting the fate and effects of metals in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Significant gaps in the ability to predict the fate and effects of metals in both aquatic and terrestrial systems continue to hamper appropriate risk assessments and cost-effective risk management. In these situations, decisions include many assumptions and the application of safety factors. The focus of the center is on developing appropriate information so that regulatory decisions will be based on sound scientific principles.

Delaware Biotechnology Institute

The Delaware Biotechnology Institute is a partnership among government, academia and industry to help establish the First State as a center of excellence in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Institute mission is to facilitate a biotechnology network of people and facilities to enhance existing academic and private-sector research, catalyze unique cross-disciplinary research and education initiatives, and to foster the entrepreneurship that creates high-quality jobs. Our Institute brings multidisciplinary expertise to bear on fundamental and applied life science research relevant to the environment, agriculture and human health. Our faculty collaborate across traditional disciplinary boundaries on multiple levels: locally, nationally, and internationally. We are committed to excellence in research, to developing the next generation of scientist and engineer, and to knowledge transfer to the community.

Delaware Center for Transportation

DCT is a joint venture between the University of Delaware and the Delaware Department of Transportation that provides a university-wide multidisciplinary program of transportation-related research and educational and instructional activities. The center identifies research opportunities with DelDOT and others. The mission of DCT is to improve the movement of people, goods and ideas within, to, and through the State of Delaware, the mid-Atlantic region, the nation, and the world through research, development, and education.

Delaware Environmental Institute

The mission of the Delaware Environmental Institute (DENIN) is to conduct research and coordinate partnerships that integrate environmental science, engineering, and policy in order to provide solutions and strategies that address environmental challenges. DENIN serves as an advocate for sustained strength and vitality in pioneering environmental research. The institute focuses on research areas relevant to the challenges facing the state and the nation, and institute research informs decision makers by providing the knowledge that can help create sound environmental policies. DENIN fosters a culture of scholarship that leverages the combined talents of affiliates and fellows through collaborative working groups, joint proposal development, and project resource coordination. The institute's goals are to initiate interdisciplinary research projects; support interdisciplinary academic programs; forge partnerships among government agencies, nonprofits, industry, policymakers, and the public to address environmental concerns; and coordinate and sponsor signature events and programs that provide opportunities for interdisciplinary interaction.

Delaware Rehabilitation Institute

The Delaware Rehabilitation Institute (DRI) is devoted to research, education and practice in rehabilitation. Our mission is to find innovative and improved ways to help people recover from injury and disease by providing an intellectual hub for clinicians, scientists, engineers and policy-makers to work together to improve the state of the art in rehabilitation medicine. Our research ranges from the bench to the bedside, enabling us to take our breakthrough findings from the laboratory to the clinic and provide rehabilitation to the people of Delaware in all phases of the lifespan from infants to the elderly. DRI has more than 50 faculty members in five colleges and ten departments conducting research in this area across the University of Delaware campuses.

Disaster Research Center

DRC is located at the University of Delaware in Newark, DE, USA. With almost fifty years of experience, we are widely recognized as one of the pioneering institutions in the area of disaster research. In particular, we are known for our insights into human behavioral and social scientific issues; for the development of new research methodologies; for our commitment to graduate and undergraduate research training; and for our portfolio of over six-hundred field studies in the aftermath of disasters, catastrophes, and community crises. Our faculty members are commonly called upon by local, national, and international governments as well as the news media for consultation and commentary on critical contemporary events and issues related to disasters and emergency management. DRC works with scholars from other disciplines, universities, and countries, we recently reaffirmed our commitment to an integrated multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary research agenda. Some of the tangible signs of this focus include: the appointment and integration of several engineers to the DRC core faculty and the development of new interdisciplinary MA and PhD graduate programs in Disaster Science and Emergency Management in partnership with the School of Public Policy and Administration.

DOE UD Mid-Atlantic Industrial Assessment Center

The University of Delaware Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) has a mission of promoting, performing research, and training students in the field of energy efficiency. It does this partly by being funded to perform energy audits for local industrial plants. These audits have a two-fold impact: (1) energy savings measures are identified for the plants, and (2) students attending the audits are trained to perform them and are provided certification of that training. The UDel IAC has existed for six years, and performed about 80 audits, resulting in implemented savings in those plants equivalent to a 21 MW power plant, and cost savings of $7.2 million, exceeding by about a factor of 10 the Department of Energy funding to the center. The center has a complement of 10-15 undergraduates and graduate students supported by the audits, most of whom have gone on after graduation to work in the energy efficiency industry. About a third of these students are graduate students who have obtained either Master's or PhD with theses ranging from alternate energy to electric power systems to energy policy. The Center is currently beginning its second 5-year term, having won this term in a highly competitive bid. A passion for energy savings exists both in the Director and Assistant Director as well as the students.

Energy Institute

The University of Delaware Energy Institute (UDEI) was established in 2007 to marshal the University’s extensive resources in science, engineering, business and public policy to address the full spectrum of challenges posed by our urgent energy needs. The primary mission of UDEI is to facilitate and advance collaborative research among faculty, staff and students in the various departments, centers and institutes across campus that are involved in energy-related activities. As the focal point for the University of Delaware’s pursuit of environmentally sound and technologically advanced energy solutions, UDEI promotes research in the enabling science and encourages the development and deployment of new and emerging energy technologies. By leveraging the University’s strengths in research, education and policy in energy and by partnering with industry and government, UDEI, with other units, provides students with interdisciplinary education and research experiences in the energy field along with insight into the economic, engineering, and political realities of commercializing and implementing new technologies into the marketplace. UDEI also serves as a resource for energy-related technological advancements and advice to decision makers in the public and private sectors. Professor Michael Klein serves as the Director of UDEI. For more information, please visit www.energy.udel.edu.

Institute of Energy Conversion

IEC at the University of Delaware has been involved in the development of thin film photovoltaic technology since 1972 and was designated as a Department of Energy Center of Excellence for Photovoltaic Research and Education in 1992. The mission of IEC is to develop the fundamental science and engineering base required to improve PV device performance, develop processing technologies, and effectively transfer these laboratory results to large-scale manufacturing. The mission goals are addressed by a multi-disciplinary research team consisting of a permanent professional and technical staff, faculty, undergraduate and graduate students, post doctoral fellows and visiting scholars, as well as a strong emphasis on collaboration with national laboratories, industry and universities. IEC trains and supports masters and doctorate level graduate students from Chemical, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, and Physics. These training and education activities ensure a supply of students for the US PV industry enabling the rapid transfer of technology.

IEC has research programs in amorphous & crystalline Si, polycrystalline CdTe and CuInSe2-based devices and has complete facilities for deposition, characterization and fabrication of thin film and c-Si solar cells and devices. IEC has three pilot scale deposition systems representing typical manufacturing prototypes: 1) a roll-to-roll multisource evaporation system for depositing Cu(InGa)Se2 films on 10” wide moving flexible metal foil or plastic web; 2) a 6 chamber plasma-CVD system for deposition of a-Si and nc-Si based devices on substrates up to 1 ft. sq.; and 3) a vapor transport deposition system depositing CdTe and related II-VI alloys on moving 4” X 4” substrate. Insight gained from operating these systems to device fabrication is relevant to critical issues facing industry such as increasing through-put, uniformity and materials utilization.