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University of Connecticut - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

The BME department provides students the interdisciplinary training in biological and medical sciences, physical sciences, and engineering necessary to solve complex biomedical problems. Faculty members from engineering, biomedical sciences, materials sciences, chemistry, physics, medicine, and dental medicine form an interdisciplinary graduate degree program that spans the University campuses at Storrs and at the Health Center (UCHC) in Farmington. Biomedical engineering can embrace the following diverse yet complementary research areas: biochemical engineering, bioinformatics, bioinstrumentation, biomaterials, biomechanics, biomedical imaging/biosignal processing, biosensors, biotechnology, cellular and tissue engineering, clinical engineering, ergonomics, medical informatics, physiological systems modeling, and rehabilitation engineering.

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Study and research programs leading to the degrees of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Master of Science (M.S.) in chemical engineering are offered. Areas of special interest include: environmental engineering, electrochemical engineering, biochemical engineering, polymer science and engineering, nanomaterials engineering, kinetics, catalysis and reaction engineering, computer simulation of chemical processes, process optimization, and process dynamics and control.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

This department offers graduate courses and research opportunities for students seeking the M.S. or Ph.D. Research areas include environmental, geotechnical, structural and transportation engineering. In addition, the Department participates in interdisciplinary programs in applied mechanics, environmental engineering and fluid dynamics.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Please see description for Civil & Environmental Engineering

Computer Science & Engineering

The department offers research programs in all major areas of Computer Science and Engineering spanning the principles to practices of computing. Current research activities are in the areas of software engineering, reusability, databases, data mining, programming languages, artificial intelligence, decision support, robotics, security, cryptography, theory of computing, algorithms, distributed computing, quantum computing, computer networks, parallel computing, cluster computing, grid computing, performance modeling, queuing theory, bioinformatics, scientific computing, pattern recognition, image processing, computer graphics, computational geometry, and optimization.

Electrical & Computer Engineering

The areas of active research within the department are: Electronics, Photonics, and Biophotonics; and Information, Communication, Decision, Biosystems. In addition, areas of emphasis in computer engineering (M.S. and Ph.D.) and nanotechnology (M.S.) are available. Students may also choose to pursue an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering without a concentration.
Research and education in Information, Communication, Decision, Biosystems includes human-machine systems, manufacturing systems, power systems, digital and optical signal processing, optical computing, image analysis and processing, optoelectronic neural networks computer-aided design, estimation theory, and stochastic communication and control. Activities in Electronics, Photonics, and Biophotonics include research in diffractive optics, optoelectronics, biophotonics, nanostructure engineering, sensor technology, electro-optics, quantum electronics, semiconductor lasers, semiconductor heterojunctions with application to integrated circuits, electronic materials, antenna design, microwave technology, power electronics, and high voltage engineering. Research in Computer Engineering includes computer systems, trustable computing, VLSI design and testing, computer architecture, low power embedded systems, molecular computing, and high-performance computing.

Electrical & Computer Engineering (Computer Engineering)

Please see description for Electrical & Computer Engineering

Materials Science & Engineering

The faculty of the MSE program offers research in nanotechnology and nanostructured materials, materials in energy and the environment, biomaterials, electronic materials, functional and smart materials, materials theory and computational materials science, materials synthesis and processing, advanced materials characterization techniques, thin film technology, alloy science, mechanical metallurgy, and physical and process metallurgy.

Mechanical Engineering

The faculty offer research programs in the two broad areas of systems/mechanics and thermo-fluid sciences. The systems/mechanics research programs include soft and hard tissue biomechanics, protein dynamics, control systems, sensors, sensor systems and mechatronics, geometric modeling, fracture and fatigue of materials, mechanical vibrations, mechanics of nano-structured materials and micro and nano scale devices. In the area of thermo-fluid sciences there are programs in experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD), optical diagnostics and combustion, multi-phase flows, micro- and nano-scale heat transfer with applications in sustainable energy systems, biomedical and materials processing fields.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Additive Manufacturing Innovations Center

The Pratt & Whitney Additive Manufacturing Innovation Center, a collaboration between UConn and Pratt & Whitney, will be used to further additive manufacturing research and development and is the first additive manufacturing facility in the Northeast to work with metals rather than plastics. The center also will be used to train a new generation of engineers and designers in the latest advancements in manufacturing technology.

Bioinformatics & Biocomputing Institute

The Bioinformatics and Biocomputing Institute (BIBCI) operates under the auspices of the School of Engineering, was founded in early 2003, with partial support from the National Institutes of Health/National Institutes of General Medical Sciences. BIBCI unites unique resources, world-class researchers and visionary leadership for the advancement of biomedical and biological research using advanced computing techniques. The Institute involves faculty from the University of Connecticut School of Engineering, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, Department of Statistics and Health Center in Farmington, CT.

Booth Engineering Center for Advanced Technology

The Taylor L. Booth Engineering Center for Advanced Technology (BECAT) provides opportunities to advance the science of high performance computing (HPC) opportunities for interdisciplinary research and educational programs among faculty and students, strengthens the capabilities of individuals and groups in the pursuit of government, state, and industrial projects, and maintains an environment for research and development that is responsive to the changing needs of society. The mission of BECAT is to especially support Grand Challenge problems. A Grand Challenge problem is defined as "...a fundamental problem in science or engineering, with broad applications, whose solution would be enabled by the application of high performance computing resources and related algorithms that are available now or could become available in the near future" (U.S. Office of Science & Technology Policy). BECAT enables collaborative development of novel algorithms, associated cross-disciplinary research projects and HPC educational programs.

Center for Clean Energy Engineering & Fraunhofer Center for Energy Innovation

The Center for Clean Energy Engineering is a multidisciplinary endeavor with a focus on breakthrough research in transforming “Science to Systems”, innovative engineering, and hands-on training and education of future scientists and engineers. The Center: conducts cutting edge research and development in efficient and clean energy technologies including highly efficient fuel cell energy conversion, clean coal, carbon capture and sequestration, energy storage and power management technologies; educates scientists and engineers to take leadership roles in advancing global sustainable energy technologies; stimulates the economy by transforming scientific knowledge into economically competitive engineered products for global deployment; and demonstrates ground-breaking technologies in commercial and national security applications. In collaboration with partners, and by leveraging core strengths in advanced materials, electrochemistry, computational analysis, catalysis and fuel chemistry, the center conducts pioneering research towards natural resource conservation, renewable resource utilization, efficient power management and smart transmission. The activities of the center focus on the market transformation, value added manufacturing and deployment of clean energy technologies that enable creation of a “green work force” at the national level.

Center for Environmental Sciences & Engineering

The Center for Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the University of Connecticut leads and promotes multidisciplinary research, education and outreach in environmental sciences, engineering, policy and sustainability. By marshalling the expertise of world-class scientists from numerous departments within the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the School of Engineering and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, CESE supports multidisciplinary research that bridges the basic and applied sciences. Activities supported by CESE strengthen the scientific understanding of complex and evolving natural systems, monitor environmental quality, inform sound stewardship and enlighten policy. Taken together, such activities provide guidance for long-term sustainability.

Center for Hardware Assurance Security and Engineering (CHASE)

The Center for Hardware Assurance, Security, and Engineering (CHASE) was formed in 2012 to bring together commercial, academic and government expertise to enhance the nation’s hardware assurance and security.

Reliable hardware underpins virtually every aspect of our modern society, including transportation and utility infrastructures, financial and military systems, and the information systems supporting food, water, energy, manufacturing, aerospace, and health care activities. Yet our hardware is vulnerable to hazards such as fatigue and poor production quality, as well as myriad potential malicious activities, including the insertion of Trojan circuits (e.g., to act as ‘kill switches’ or backdoor to leak information), counterfeiting, integrated circuit (IC) and Intellectual Property (IP) piracy, extraction of sensitive data from an IC and systems using hardware-based side channels, malicious system disruption and diversion, tampering and insertion of counterfeit ICs into the supply chain.

CHASE will develop robust, secure, and trustworthy hardware technologies, design techniques, detection techniques, tools and policies to provide unprecedented assurance in modern ICs and systems. The resulting hardware will reinforce the reliability, trustworthiness, and economic value of existing and emerging secure, reliable and fault-tolerant computing, communication and networking technologies.

CHASE Center aims at developing comprehensive set of solutions to emerging security threats and assurance at transistor to system level. Transportation and utility infrastructures, financial and military systems, and the information systems supporting food, water, energy, manufacturing, aerospace, and health care activities are vulnerable to threats and issues, including:

Counterfeit Electronics: Recycled, over-produced, cloned, defective, out-of-spec chips
Tampering: Insertion of malicious circuitry called Trojan to act as ‘kill switches’ or backdoor to leak information and probing the chips for extracting sensitive data
Security: Extraction of sensitive data from an IC and systems using hardware-based side channels, malicious system disruption and diversion using backdoors in hardware
Reliability: Failure in the field due to particle strikes, device aging, hot-spots, etc.
Quality: Electrical test and metrics for evaluating confidence and quality
Risk Management and Analysis: Risk and decision analysis considering cost/benefit/confidence
Emerging Threats: New threats, counterfeit trends, and attack

Center for Resilient Transportation Infrastructure

The Center for Resilient Transportation Infrastructure (CRTI) at the University of Connecticut is part of the National Transportation Security Center of Excellence (NTSCOE) established by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2007. The mission of the NTSCOE is to develop new technologies to protect the nation's multi-modal transportation infrastructure and to develop education and training programs for transportation security geared towards transportation employees and professionals. CRTI operates within the School of Engineering in cooperation with the Connecticut Transportation Institute and Institute of Material Sciences to develop novel technologies to enable the next generation of sustainable and resilient transportation infrastructure. CRTI conducts basic and applied research that addresses complex transportation infrastructure networks comprised of interconnected bridges, highways, tunnels, rail, geo-structures and other support structures at both the individual component and overall network levels. CRTI develops modeling and simulation capabilities that include all-hazards analysis, risk assessment and response and recovery evaluation thereby strengthening decision-making procedures for transportation security. Our current areas of focus include synthesis, characterization and utilization of advanced materials; advanced modeling and simulation of complex transportation infrastructure; design and deployment of sensor networks and structural health monitoring systems; and development of infrastructure hardening strategies and structural control techniques.

Center for Transportation and Livable Systems

The U.S. Department of Transportation supports a network of University Transportation Centers throughout the nation to advance technology and expertise in transportation through combined efforts of research, education, and technology transfer. Within the federal SAFETEA-LU legislation, the Center for Transportation and Livable Systems (CTLS), formerly the Center for Transportation and Urban Planning, was designated the University of Connecticut’s University Transportation Center in August 2005. CTLS began its first year of operation in 2007 and since then has supported dozens of researchers and students through its research activities and helped inform the public and the scientific community in its workshops, seminars and symposia.

The theme of the Center for Transportation and Livable Systems is Livable and Sustainable Transportation Systems for Smart Growth " a holistic theme that incorporates walking, bicycling, transit and automobiles in an integrated multi-modal system.

Connecticut Transportation Institute

The Institute works to develop programs related to transportation research, education, and services. The Connecticut Advanced Pavement Laboratory is a nationally accredited asphalt testing facility that conducts asphalt pavement research and training. The goal of the Technology Transfer Center component of the Institute is to ensure that the latest and most appropriate technological information and training are continually made available to local public agencies, professional engineers, and the construction industry to assist them in the construction and management of the infrastructure.

Institute of Materials Science

The Institute provides education, research and outreach in the areas of Materials Science concerned with the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, and applications of materials. Research programs include nano-bionics, nanotechnology, composites, alloy physics, materials in energy, biomaterials, corrosion science, crystal science, electrical insulation, metallurgy, and polymer science. The Institute includes the MS and PhD Interdisciplinary Polymer Program, the MS and PhD Materials Science Program, and is the home of the research in the MS and PhD Materials Science and Engineering Program. The Institute also houses the Polymer Research Center, the Center for Materials Simulation, The Electrical Insulation Research Center and the Nanobionics Fabrication Facility. Housed in IMS is approximately $20M(replacement value) of materials characterization and preparation instrumentation. In addition to the extensive faculty research, IMS works with industry addressing both short term and long term projects making use of the faculty expertise and instrumentation capability.

UTC Institute for Advanced Systems Engineering

The School of Engineering at the University of Connecticut, in partnership with the United Technologies Corporation (UTC), has established the UTC Institute for Advanced Systems Engineering. The Institute will serve as a hub for world-class research, project-based learning by globally-distributed teams of students, and industrial outreach activities focused on model-based systems engineering (MBSE) of complex systems that are built from, and depend upon, the synergy of computational and physical components. These so-called cyber-physical systems (CPS) incorporate mechanical components, networked embedded systems and applications software, thus representing the convergence of computation, communications, control and intelligence that enable them to have learning and predictive capabilities to adapt to changing situations.

The institute will provide an ecosystem for growing an academic talent base that will develop analytical methodologies and techniques to enhance the product development processes, architectures, model-based development and design flows.

Motivated by the increasing complexity of advanced products and the digital revolution, the institute will train engineers in urgently needed areas pivotal to innovation and product enhancement in the globally competitive economy. It will be positioned to advance the science base of cyber-physical systems and accelerate its technological translation into sustained industrial growth.