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University of Waterloo - 2016

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Graduate

Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Chemical Engineering

With 33 Professors and more than 265 students in MEng, MASc and PhD programs, the department offers a wide range of academic and research opportunities. The research program of the department is organized into seven research themes including:

Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering:
Bio-filtration, molecular biology and microbial biotechnology, genetics/metabolic/protein engineering, cell imaging, bio-mimetic engineering, biosensors, protein recovery and purification, viral-based systems for production of complex biologics, food engineering.

Green Reaction Engineering:
Catalysis, catalytic distillation, hydrocarbon processing, heavy oil upgrading, bio-fuels, hydrogen production, fuel cell research (PEM and SOFC), battery research, life cycle analysis, photochemical reactor engineering, CO2 capture.

Interfacial Phenomena, Colloids and Porous Media:
Characterization of pore structures, enhanced oil recovery, soil remediation, filtration and drying, surface thermodynamics, transport and capillary phenomena in porous materials, rheology, multiphase flow, emulsions, electrochemical processes at interfaces.

Nanotechnology:
Nano-particle synthesis, nano-structured thinfilms, fundamentals of aerosol charging, nano-bio interfacial science and engineering, molecular self-assembly of nano-materials and bio-molecules, enhanced drug delivery systems, polymer nano-composites, membranes and coatings, electrochemical fabrication of nanostructures, plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition, nano-mechanics, porous ultra-low-dielectric constant materials, nano-indentation, magnetic nanoparticles for novel separation processes.

Polymer Science and Engineering:
Polymerization kinetics, mathematical modeling of polymer systems, on-line sensors, polymer reactor optimization and control, polyolefins, structure-property relationships, polymer processing, reactive extrusion, chemical modification of polymers, polymer characterization, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and stimuli responsive polymeric systems, associative polymers for environmentally friendly coatings.

Process Systems Engineering:
Computer process control, modeling and control of nonlinear processes, inferential control, process simulation, process optimization, applied statistics, experimental design, parameter estimation, fault detection, scheduling, supply chain management, product development, soft computing.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

With 37 professors and more than 250 graduate students, the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering comprehensively covers traditional and emerging research areas. Our research program is grouped into six research themes:

1. Structural Engineering and Building Science
building enclosure performance, structural stability, static and dynamic response of structures, propagation of elastic disturbances in solids, stability of elastic and inelastic continua, structural response to random excitation, analysis and design of steel, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete structures, structural optimization, mechanisms of fatigue failure in materials, structural model mechanics, experimental stress analysis, hybrid-experimental techniques for complex stress concentration regions, rheological responses of engineering materials, fracture mechanics, optical methods in mechanics, isodyne and strain-gradient stress analysis, experimental testing of analytical models and solutions in mechanics, wall and roof performance, computational fracture mechanics, nanoscale and microscale mechanics of crystal plasticity, bayesian analysis and parameter estimation, and seismic risk analysis and design

2. Water Resources
river restoration/rehabilitation and aquatic habitat improvement, regional flood frequency analysis, land surfaces schemes for numerical weather prediction and atmospheric general circulation models, field and numerical modelling studies of urban river mechanics, analysis of drought characteristics, impact of climate change on hydrologic variables and water resource systems, and integrated atmospheric/hydrological models, and numerical and field studies of groundwater surface water interaction.

3. Environmental Engineering
remediation of soil and groundwater, health impacts of air pollution, identification, quantification and treatment options for pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting substances, numerical modelling of contaminants in subsurface systems, air quality impacts and benefits, pathogen removal during water and wastewater treatment, odour formation and control in waste management, physico-chemical water and wastewater treatment processes, mass transport processes in porous media, modelling the impact of urbanization and agricultural practices on wetland ecosystems, carbon sequestration, advanced sludge digestion processes identification of known and emerging pathogens in watersheds, characterization of aquatic natural organic matter, fate of substances in wastewater collection and treatment, treatment process design and optimization, nutrient recovery from wastewater, and anaerobic wastewater treatment.

4. Geotechnical Engineering
theoretical research into the mechanical behaviour of particulate materials, application of geomechanics in petroleum, mining and pavement engineering, hydraulic fracturing and shale gas/oil, development experimental and numerical investigation of wave propagation in geo-materials to improve and create new non-destructive testing techniques, use of geophysical methods for geotechnical site characterization, dynamic characterization of soils at low strain levels, centrifuge modelling for clay and hydraulic barriers, condition assessment of civil infrastructure using NDT energy, geotechnics with applications in geothermal, sustainability assessment in geotechnical engineering, blast analysis in underground structures, buried infrastructure asset management, and pipeline deterioration modelling and assessment

5. Infrastructure Construction and Management
life-cycle analyses, asset assessment, automated construction project state, electronic product and process management systems for construction projects, gerontechnology for construction, behavioural economics in construction

6. Transportation Engineering
modelling integrated freeway-arterial networks, rigid and flexible pavement materials and design, pavement management systems, urban models, transit demand and management, economics of transport, highway-railway at grade crossing collision reduction, winter road maintenance, intelligent transportation systems, road and traffic condition monitoring, mode choice modelling, proactive traffic control, development and use of emerging sensor data, connected vehicle systems, safety of cyclists, incorporating sustainability in pavement engineering, and climate change impacts on pavement infrastructure

Conrad Business, Entrepreneurship and Technology

Conrad is a leading provider of innovative and industry relevant research and graduate degree programs focused on creating and growing technology-based businesses. The Centre builds on its unique position within the Faculty of Engineering to conduct research that links technology and business within the following themes: the entrepreneurial university; technology clusters; evaluation, financing and valuation of technology ventures; innovation, productivity and performance; and internationalization of technology-based ventures. Our research attracts funding from the Tri-Councils and industry partners, and is shared with scholarly audiences through publication in top journals; and industry through reports, seminars and our graduate programs.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

With around 600 graduate students and 93 faculty members, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo offers a range of academic and research options in the following core and emerging areas:

Communication and Information Systems
The Communication and Information Systems Group conducts research in the broad area of communications, signal processing, and networking to develop enabling core technologies for current and future telecommunication systems. The group's research interests span a wide range of topics: source coding, data compression and digital signal processing with applications to text, speech, image and video coding; coding, modulation, channel estimation, equalization and detection techniques for digital communications; performance modeling, analysis and design of broadband networks; traffic engineering issues including quality of service, game theory and pricing, wireless communications and networking, cryptography, network security and authentication protocols.

Computer and Software Engineering
The Computer and Software Engineering Group develops theories, algorithms, tools, and methodologies for the engineering of digital hardware, software, and computer-based systems. The research covers all phases of the life cycle of such systems, including specification, design, verification, operation, and maintenance. The universe in which the group operates ranges in scale from the digital hardware modules that form the building blocks of computers up through distributed systems containing thousands of disparate computers running heterogeneous collections of software. The research also covers advancing methodologies, analysis and applications in five major research areas: autonomous systems, machine perception and sensors, image processing and analysis, pattern analysis and recognition, and knowledge systems.

Silicon Devices and Integrated Circuits (SiDIC)
The Silicon Devices and Integrated Circuits Group is engaged in research on micro and opto-electronic devices (thin film transistors, optical and X-ray sensors, microsensors and MEMS, SiGe devices, bipolar transistors, MOSFETs); design of integrated circuits for diverse applications (RF circuits for wireless applications, low power high performance digital circuits, random access memories, analog and mixed-signal circuits for data communication, imaging arrays); chemical micro-instruments, and development of new thin film process technologies (a-Si, mc-Si, SiGe).

Circuits and Systems including Computer-Aided Design
Research areas include analog and mixed signal circuits, embedded memories, and digital circuits. The interests span from low-voltage sigma-delta modulators, bio-implantable monitoring circuits, implantable blood pressure meters to fault models for SRAM cells, SRAM design, test and reliability issues, to energy delay optimized logic gates, implementation of timing diagnostics and leakage power reduction. The VLSI group looks at thermal management, optimization of current/logic for CMOS and device physics, and circuit reliability. Application areas include flexible AM OLED displays, panoramic vision cameras, flexible solar cells and disposable electronics.

Energy Systems and Systems and Control
Topics covered include high voltage and insulation engineering, power electronics, flexible AC transmission systems, distributed generation, operation and analysis of transmission and distribution systems, optimization and control, power quality, and electricity markets. Other topics covered are discrete event systems (control, formal synthesis, and verification), hysteretic systems (modeling, identification, and control), implicit dynamical systems (system identification, adaptive control, and feedback design), multi-dimensional systems (minimization, design, and filtering), nonlinear filtering, performance limitations in feedback control, robust control, sensor fusion, stochastic algorithms, stochastic system identification, and time-varying control (in optimal, adaptive, and robust control). Application areas include mechatronics (e.g., computer-controller machining, control of flexible manipulators, haptics, modeling and control of industrial cranes, robotic control, telerobotics, visual serving), the design of reactive, distributed computer systems (e.g., telecommunication networks), medical systems (e.g., telesurgery and automation of radiotherapy), the use of "smart" materials as control actuators, and the application of control theory to mathematical finance.

Antennas, Microwaves, and Wave Optics
Research in Antennas, Microwaves and Wave Optics is devoted to: 1) computational electromagnetics and photonics including quantum-physical interactions; 2) design methodologies and multi-level system simulation/optimization strategies; and 3) novel systems and device technologies. Current research efforts include fast computational methods, integrated antenna/radio technologies, RF/optical MEMS, intelligent radio networks, superconductive devices and circuits, nano-electromagnetics, quantum computing, novel electromagnetic media technologies, integrated photonics, and emerging applications in life sciences. Theoretical research on fundamental concepts and computational analysis usually lead to proof-of-concept prototype development and characterization in the group's state-of-the-art fabrication and test laboratories.

Emerging Areas
Our researchers are pushing the boundaries in exciting new areas such as: Quantum Computing, with interests in quantum cascading lasers and integrated quantum optoelectronics; Biomedical with interests in neuromodulation systems, lab on chip and medical image processing; Nanotechnology with interests in modeling and design, nanomaterials and nanofabrication; and Sustainable Energy, with interests in smart grid, green energy sources, storage and transportation of renewable energy, conversion technologies, and optimization and policy strategies.

Management Sciences

The Department of Management Sciences at the Faculty of Engineering provides world-class expertise in management decision making, management of technology, and information systems. We combine the technical areas of Operations Research, Industrial Engineering, and Computer Science with relevant socio-technical areas such as Management of Technology, Economics, and Organizational Theory.

With three active research areas in Applied Operations Research, Information Systems and Management of Technology, you will have the opportunity to get training and conduct research in technical areas such as Optimization, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Healthcare Operations, Energy Systems; Humanâ€"Computer Interaction, Information Retrieval, Data Science and Data Analytics as well as business areas of Innovation, Organizational Behaviour, and Economics.

Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering

The Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering (MME) is currently home to 62 faculty members who are actively involved in 5 research theme areas:

Mechatronics Research
Mechatronics research within our Department investigates a wide range of innovative and exciting, multidisciplinary areas of engineering. Topics range from laser fabrication and rapid prototyping to magnetic levitation, to the design and fabrication of new micro-electro-mechanical (MEMS) systems. Research activity is largely centered in the Automation and Control Group, with active collaboration across other research areas. The Canada Research Chair in Mechatronic Vehicle Systems, housed within this group, studies new mechatronics concepts related to next generation automotive safety, fuel economy, and vehicle handling systems. Robotics research spans the development of innovative robotic controls to robotic welding and polishing applications. A state of the art, 5-axis Surface Machining Lab has been established to enable researchers to investigate tool path planning, chatter and flank milling and greatly complements other machining research in areas such as machine diagnostics, modal analysis and mechanistic modelling.

Fluid Mechanics and Fire Behavior
Using the newest experimental and analytical techniques, Fluid Mechanics researchers in our department investigate a wide variety of fundamental and applied facets of fluid flow. Research ranges from measurement to modeling of micro- and nanoscale laminar flows, complex turbulent shear flows, environmental flows and reacting turbulent flows. The detailed physics of these flow processes are probed using a combination of advanced experimental techniques, optical diagnostics and computational fluid dynamics, power and energy systems, and lab-on-chip for medical and environmental measurements. Results are applied to real world issues in air pollution, fire dynamics, wind generation, aerospace, manufacturing processes, industrial and combustion processes, and power and energy systems. Advanced parallel computing capabilities and a state-of-the-art Live Fire Research Facility have recently been acquired to support our interdisciplinary activities in fluid
mechanics.

Nanotechnology and Materials Engineering
Nanotechnology and Materials Engineering forms a strong research focus within our department. In Nanotechnology, researchers investigate the assembly, manipulation and control of materials at the atomic and molecular scale to fabricate devices and systems that have novel properties and functionality for a wide range of engineering applications. Materials research is directed toward extending the properties and tailoring materials for new applications, as well as developing new
and innovative materials. The University Research Chair in Microjoining forms the core of a large research effort in advanced materials processing and joining techniques. This includes research in solidification, metal working, microjoining, welding, soldering and brazing, as well as investigations into surface treatment and laser processing, powder metallurgy and thermomechanical processing of alloys. Other significant studies centre on the development of new composite materials (including
cement and concrete), intermetallics, thin films, and materials for hydrogen storage and other energy conversion applications. Parallel research analyzes the properties of materials with emphasis on fatigue and fracture mechanisms, fatigue-creep interactions, corrosion, materials processing-structure-property relationships, and the mechanical behaviour of metals, composites and intermetallic compounds.

Solid Bodies, Mechanics, and Mechanical Design Group
Research in Solid Bodies, Mechanics and Mechanical Design revolves around the development of techniques for the design, analysis and simulation of machines, vessels and mobile structures. Applications range from the analysis of high pressure and high strain rate processes to design of nuclear components and piping, from automotive safety to biomechanics, and from mechanisms and dynamics to many avenues of computer aided design and analysis. Supported by a CRC Chair in Lightweight Materials Under Extreme Deformation: Forming and Impact, as well as an NSERC Chair in Design, fundamental and applied research is carried out in topics such as plasticity theory, tribology, kinematics, dynamics and control of flexible robot arms. Extensive laboratory testing, non-destructive inspection and simulations are used to study failure modes and devise innovative design solutions. Complementary research is aimed towards development of next generation analysis techniques in computer aided design, finite element methods, failure analysis and continuum mechanics.

Thermal Engineering
The Thermal Engineering Group conducts analytical, computational, and experimental research on a wide range of problems involving thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer and fluid flow that are of fundamental and practical importance. Much of their research is focused on energy, covering topics in combustion, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning of buildings, and development of innovative energy conversion systems. On-going strengths include studies into engines, alternative fuels, liquid atomization and sprays and heat transfer in microelectronic devices and packaging. A cluster of energy research activities are centered in the Energy Research Center which houses state-of-the-art laboratories for research in the areas of fuel cells, solar energy collection and conversion, air pollution simulation, biomass and other potential green energy sources. In addition, an emerging area of strength is in the interdisciplinary thermo-fluids area involving a Canada Research Chair who is developing Lab-on-a Chip portable diagnostic devices for detection of water contamination and infectious diseases.

Systems Design Engineering

The Department of Systems Design Engineering has thirty faculty members in its interdisciplinary complement, with faculty members have significant research activities in the institutionally prioritized research areas of the Environment, Health Information Technology, Innovation, Society and Culture, and Materials and Systems. The department has expertise in the general areas of systems modeling, Biosystems, scientific computing, and computational mathematics. In general, research areas are grouped into five main areas:

Human Systems, including human/machine interactions, table-top and surface computing, virtual reality, cognitive ergonomics, and user centered design.
Socio-Environmental Systems, particularly as related to conflict modeling / game theory, policy and planning for human systems, alternate energy systems, geographical information systems and hydrological modeling. Two faculty members are dedicated to researching the interactions between society, technology and value systems.
Physical Systems, including the modelling, design, control, and testing of physical systems, with applications to MEMS fabrication and verification, nano-technology devices, automotive mechatronics, prosthetics, biomedical systems, medical signals and image processing, flexible robots, and pianos.
Intelligent Systems, such as computer vision, image processing, machine intelligence, haptics, robotics, remote sensing, 3D vision, and pattern recognition.
Biomedical Systems, focusing on biomechanics, bio-devices / bio-instrumentation, biomaterial and bio-compatibility, and bio-sensing/imaging.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Building Engineering Group

Building science and building engineering are fields of study concerned with the technical performance of buildings, building materials, and building systems. The area is broad enough to include construction technology, material science, urban design, architecture, heat and mass transport physics, meteorology, mycology, and structural design, to name a few. The field can be seen as the specialization of infrastructure engineering applied to building systems.Design, construction, and maintenance of yet-to-be-built and existing buildings and structures represents a significant portion of the gross domestic product for countries of the developed world. In Canada, new construction accounts for almost 14% of our GDP, and buildings account for almost 65% of that. Operating costs (energy, maintenance, cleaning and repairs) are also a multi-billion dollar expenditure. Building scientists and engineers seek to improve the manner in which buildings are constructed and maintained to ensure long building life, to improve building performance through out the expected service life, and to allow demolition, reuse, and recycling.Building science and engineering are applied to the design of new buildings, the repair and maintenance of the increasing stock of existing buildings, and the development of new building materials and technologies. The issue of sustainability, pollution, energy use, and health are becoming increasingly important.

Centre for Advanced Materials Joining (CAMJ)

The primary goal of CAMJ at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, is to develop new and innovative technologies for materials joining. CAMJ has cutting edge laboratory facilities and capabilities to collaborate with leading companies in the industry for research and development. CAMJ trains students on the undergraduate, Masters, PhD, and Post Doctoral levels and collaborates with students from foreign institutes of excellence to extend their research.

The projects taken up in CAMJ are from the following areas 1) Microjoining (soldering, wire bonding, laser and resistance microwelding) for medical and electronic applications 2)Laser and resistance welding for automotive applications 3)Brazing (diffusion brazing, ceramic/metal bonding, etc.)

Centre for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems

The Center for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems is an initiative jointly funded by Canada Foundation for Innovation, Ontario Innovation Trust, and ATS Spheral Solar Power for the creation of a state-of-the-art facility for Research and Development of Photovoltaic Materials, Devices, and Systems at the University of Waterloo.

Centre for Advancement of Trenchless Technologies (CATT)

Established in 1994, the Centre for Advancement of Trenchless Technologies (CATT) is a grouping of educational, municipal, industrial, business and federal representatives committed to the advancement of the knowledge, techniques, materials, methods and equipment used in trenchless technology.CATT is located at the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.Geographically, the Centre is positioned to serve Canada and the northern United States. Organizationally, CATT is comprised of industry professionals who assist and guide in the development of research, educational, and technology transfer programs. CATT's research areas currently include horizontal directional drilling (HDD), high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes, automated condition assessment, materials testing of cured-in-place pipe (CIPP) lining systems, bituminous fibre pipes, epoxy lining systems and non-destructive testing.

Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology (CBB)

The Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology (CBB) is a catalyst for advancing bioengineering and biotechnology research and innovation through industry collaborations and partnerships. More than 150 faculty members, from every faculty on campus, are actively engaged with the centre, working in collaboration to provide a resource of varying expertise, including new pharmaceutical delivery systems, lab testing on technologies as small as a computer chip, better and lower cost imaging systems, and software solutions for healthcare. The common thread between researchers is a dedication to understanding how technology can work in conjunction with biology and people to make a better world.
The Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology is focused on partnerships. Success in this area requires strong partnerships between researchers, students, industry, healthcare and government. For this reason, the Centre welcomes members from these communities and encourages them to join the Centre and participate in our research.

Centre for Integrated RF Engineering

The Center for Integrated RF Engineering (CIRFE) was conceived through the establishment of the NSERC Industrial Research Chair on Radio Frequency (RF) Engineering in 2000 at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Waterloo. Today, the CIRFE Center has a research group consisting of 20 Ph.D and M.Sc graduate students, research engineers and postdoctoral fellows. It houses a new state-of-the-art RF test and characterization laboratory and a new clean room.The focus of the CIRFE Center's research activities is on emerging RF technologies including RF Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), miniature RFID, wireless intelligent systems, filters & multiplexers, superconductivity, novel materials, computer-aided circuit diagnosis, simulation and modeling. The uniqueness of the CIRFE Center lies in the ability to integrate various RF technologies and in its wide range of capabilities, which include research, development, modeling, design, fabrication, packaging and test. The mission of the CIRFE Center is three-fold: To be a premier source of innovation, creativity and expertise in RF engineering.
-To provide facilities, stimulating environment and necessary training for graduate students to successfully pursue a rewarding career in RF and other interdisciplinary engineering fields.
-To develop and foster collaborative research with industry encouraging cross-fertilization of ideas and promoting technology transfer.

Centre for Intelligent Antenna and Radio Systems

Building on its strength as a major research centre in wireless technology, Waterloo Engineering has been awarded a $5 million infrastructure grant from the Canada Foundation for Innovation. The money, combined with $7.5 million from private partners and from the university, will be used to equip the new Centre for Intelligent Antenna and Radio Systems, CIARS.

CIARS offers researchers several key advantages. First, research will take place over a range of radio frequencies far broader than available elsewhere. Second, the test chamber will be easily adapted and able to simulate almost any environment in which next-generation wireless devices will need to operate. Third, remote accessibility through the internet will facilitate national and international collaboration. Finally, and crucially, the integration of laboratories and facilities will allow CIARS researchers to realize the huge potential gains that come from joint optimization of technologies at all layers, from the radio wave to the antennae to the appliance itself.

Intelligent, multi-antenna radio systems are widely considered the only viable path to next-generation wireless. Research and development on isolated components and fundamental work in radio engineering have proven the concepts sound. The integrated infrastructure at CIARS will take this research toward full-scale implementation of next-generation wireless networks.

Centre for Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence (CPAMI)

The research areas in PAMI are diverse and pertain to a large spectrum of the pattern analysis and machine intelligence field: Machine Learning and Pattern Discovery, Computer Vision and Modeling, Intelligent Control and Autonomous Systems, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Applications

Centre for Pavement and Transportation Technology (CPATT)

CPATT's initiative involves an integrated program of field and labratory research, with the following key objectives: concentrated focus on emerging and innovative technologies; state-of-the-art research infrastructure; increase in the talent pool of HQP -Sustained partnerships. The research focus areas directed toward these objectives include structural design, construction and maintenance technology; materials and geotechnical engineering, field evaluation methods, equipment and data processing; intelligent transportation systems and safety; risk and reliability and computational methods and modelling. CPATT's mission is: to accept and meet the extraordinary technical and economic challenges and provide leadership in promoting and encouraging research and research activities in the pavement and transportation field: to facilitate inter disciplinary approaches for research areas that are not accommodated conveniently within a single department by establishing links within and outside the University; to solicit funds by sustaining membership and partnerships as well as by affiliate programs.

Centre for Wireless Communications

The Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC) at the University of Waterloo, created under the auspices of a donation of one million dollars from Ericsson Communications Canada over a period of five years, aims at developing a comprehensive graduate research program in wireless communications. The goal is to train highly qualified personnel (HQP) in wireless communications. As an educational unit, the CWC represents an enhancement to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo. The graduate program in wireless communications builds on the relevant courses in the existing graduate studies program of the Department and the introduction of new courses in wireless communications.

Conflict Analysis Group

The overall mission of the Conflict Analysis Group is to develop and implement formal methodologies for systematically studying decision situations involving multiple participants and multiple objectives. More specifically, a variety of conflict resolution techniques have been developed for modelling and analyzing different kinds of disputes arising in the real world. For example, the graph model for conflict resolution can be employed for investigating disputes taking place in environmental management, international trade, peace keeping, labour-management negotiations, and elsewhere. By using formal procedures for better understanding a dispute and communicating with one another, parties involved in the conflict may cooperatively reach a win/win resolution which benefits everyone. The Conflict Analysis Group has also constructed game theoretic models for assessing and designing policies and procedures for ensuring compliance to environmental regulations and adherence to arms control agreements. Moreover, group members have made contributions to multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA), which constitutes a commonly occurring decision problem in which one must make an optimal selection from a set of discrete alternative solutions to a problem that is evaluated according to both quantitative and non-quantitative criteria, and to the development and application of other approaches to conflict management.

Control Systems Group

The Systems and Control Research Group is made up of members with a great diversity of expertise. The areas covered include basic research in linear optimal control, time-varying control, nonlinear control, adaptive control, robust control, theoretical properties of stochastic algorithms, computer-aided design, process control, fuzzy logic control, model identification and discrete event systems. Areas of application include robotics, power systems, computer networks, autonomous aerial vehicles, medicine, virtual reality and smart materials. More specific information on the people and the research activities within the group will be found by browsing the appropriate links below.

Environmental Modelling and Analysis Group

The Environmental Modelling and Analysis Group is a collection of researchers dedicated to improving the science and practice of simulation modelling of the natural environment. Group members have expertise in the development and application of cutting-edge environmental models. Their research is predominantly focused on understanding the aquatic environment, examining the quantity and quality of water in surface watersheds, shallow soils, aquifers, and stream networks. Specializations include groundwater flow, contaminant fate and transport, surface water hydrology, reactive chemistry, nutrient/agricultural transport, and a variety of computational and numerical modelling and assessment methods, including calibration, uncertainty analysis, statistical methods, visualization, and GIS.

Fire Research Group

The Group's mission statement is "The primary objective of the Institute for the Advancement of Fire Safety is to respond to, and meet, the broad range of undergraduate and post-graduate educational and research needs of the industrial and municipal fire communities" The Fire Research Group, University of Waterloo is seeking partners interested in becoming founding members of The Institute for the Advancement of Fire Safety (IAFS). This institute is being established to build effective partnerships amongst fire safety professionals and their organizations. Partners will seek out, and capitalize on, collaborative educational and research opportunities available in fire safety and related areas. The fundamental objective of research conducted through the IAFS will entail application of the basic principles of fire science to develop new understanding of the behaviour of full-scale fires, to study materials flammability, fire initiation and spread, methods for fire detection and suppression, and the many ancillary issues. Potential areas of focus include, but are not limited to: Research in Support of Performance-Based Building Codes The IAFS, through the UW Live Fire Research Facility, supports the full range and scale of fire performance experiments necessary for development and implementation of performance-based codes. Innovation in Equipment and Methods The IAFS will conduct third party research to assess and verify new technologies and processes in areas such as fire detection and fire suppression, and minimize the impact of fire through improved design of detectors, sensors, suppressants and building materials. Health of Firefighters Firefighter safety and effectiveness will be examined through study of the physiological and biomechanical impacts of the hostile and physically onerous fire environment. Physical testing requirements and standards have already been revised, and several longer term studies are underway.--In addition to fostering new research directions, the IAFS intends to actively engage in implementation of educational programs specifically designed for fire safety professionals. These will include specialty courses at the undergraduate level, post-graduate programs at both Masters and Doctoral levels, as well as professional development courses tailored to specific areas of interest amongst the partners or the broader fire service community.

Giga to Nanoelectronics Lab

Established in 1972 as the silicon devices and integrated circuits group (SiDIC), the Giga-to-Nano group has grown into one of the field's foremost research centres, home to major laboratory facilities. The group works to develop a complete amorphous silicon technology package for large area digital imaging. Major research thrusts include bendable electronics on plastic substrates for imaging and display applications, and flexible solar cells.

Hyper Connectivity Lab

Communications industry is moving towards a new era in which the number of network connections will far exceed the number of people using the network. This trend turns most future communication networks into “complex networks” in which almost all nodes (both relays and end-nodes) experience a high degree of connectivity. The Hyper Connectivity phenomenon can be both beneficial and disadvantageous depending on the application and topology of the network. Thus, the next generation networks require us to develop innovative communications technologies in order to meet the challenges of delivering seamless and pervasive broadband services anywhere.
At Hyper Connectivity lab, a group of researchers under supervision of Prof. Khandani carry out research in diverse areas such as MIMO systems, mesh networking, Internet modeling, and network coding.

Institute for Computer Research

ICR draws together researchers from eight academic departments within four faculties of the University of Waterloo. Most of these researchers are from the School of Computer Science and the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering. The Institute has over 100 faculty members who are either individual members or are members of one of the fourteen federated groups within ICR. Each federated group is a team of researchers working on specific areas of computer research, and is responsible for generating its own research funding from industry or government. Currently, total research funding to members and groups in ICR is in excess of $9M per annum.

Institute for Innovation Research

The IIR facilitates and coordinates interdisciplinary research that advances understanding of entrepreneurship in technology-based enterprises. VALUES--commitment to high quality research that advances theory and contributes to management practice or policy development within a community that promotes the research and personal development of graduate students and faculty. IIR is committed to multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research by making research findings and their implications available in formats that target the needs of different audiences, including research needs of partners within the University and local community.

Institute for Polymer Research

Technological initiatives from IPR have been instrumental in the development of better polymers for wire and cable applications, polymer modifications to make heat- and oil-resistant rubber, new polymer alloys and blends, systems for recycling polyolefin containers, the computer design of extrusion screws and dies and computer modelling and control of polymerization processes. The Institute carries out applied and fundamental research in areas that are of vital interest to the plastics, coatings, adhesives and elastomers industries. This includes work in such diverse fields as molecular weight characterization, thermal characterization, emulsion polymerization, polymer processing, polymerization kinetics, copolymerization, reactive extrusion, polymer-based catalysts, polymer photochemistry and development of new monomers and polymers.

Medical Instrument Analysis and Machine Intelligence Group (MIAMI)

The Medical Instrument Analysis and Machine Intelligence (MIAMI) Research Group in the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo was established in 2002. The group aims to advance the application of cutting-edge technology to the biomedical fields, especially medical imaging.The group helps clinicians by developing intelligent image processing and decision making algorithms that provides quick and reliable assistance.

Multimedia Communications Lab

At MultiCom, we conduct cutting-edge research in the areas of information theory, data compression, digital watermarking and beyond. Our work focuses on solving the challenges in building next-generation multimedia systems and applications over the current and future networks.

Power and Energy Systems Group

The Power & Energy Systems Group at the University of Waterloo is one of the largest research groups in power engineering in North America, with a very reputed faculty base and available research support The Group is engaged in the latest state-of-the-art research activities in several areas of power engineering such as power electronics, high voltage engineering, power quality and distributions systems, power systems operation and control, and electricity market deregulation. The Group is also very active in providing power engineering courses at the under-graduate, graduate and doctoral level, and also external courses.

RF Microwave and Photonics Group

The RF/Microwave & Photonics Group's research activities in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo are mainly focused on different areas of RF, Microwave, Electromagnetic, Antenna, and Photonics including:Computational methods for electromagnetics and photonics Planar Multilayer circuits and packages, coupled cavity structures, planar and conformal antennas,Photonic components and systems, Wireless communication systems, Emerging technologies. The RF, Microwave and Photonics Group, with four (4) professors and approximately thirty (30) graduate students and post doctoral fellows is supported by federal and provincial centers of excellence such as: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI), Ontario Innovation Trust (OIT), Communication Information Technology Ontario (CITO), Material and Manufacturing Ontario (MMO) and major industries such as: Nortel Networks, Ericsson Canada, Com Dev, Bell Mobility, RIM, and WINEGARD.

Software Engineering Group

Software engineering is a systematic and disciplined approach to developing software. It applies both computer science and engineering principles and practices to the creation, operation, and maintenance of software systems. At the University of Waterloo, Software Engineering is an independent, interdisciplinary program supported by both the Faculty of Mathematics (primarily School of Computer Science) and the Faculty of Engineering (primarily Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering). The Software Engineering Group (SWEN) conducts research in all areas of Software Engineering and has research facilities in the University's Davis Centre.

Transportation Systems Research Group

The Transportation Systems Research Group in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering specializes in the planning, design, operation, and management of transportation systems. Particular emphasis is placed on the following areas: traffic engineering; traffic simulation modelling; public transit operations; transit planning; risk and safety; pavement design and management; evaluation and optimization of winter road maintenance activities; active transportation modes.

The group consists of 5 full time faculty members and approximately 35 graduate students. Research activities are supported by a large number of public and private sector organizations.

Uncertainty Management Laboratory

Uncertainty Management is an ambitious research project that has been set up in collaboration with the Bell University Labs. The researchers in the group investigate a variety of problems such as the process of new product introduction, group dynamics, knowledge encoding, and knowledge transfer. Effective organization is a function of how an organization deals with these types of uncertain task situations, and the conditions under which individuals and groups make decisions and solve problems. Understanding some of these conditions is the primary goal of the Uncertainty Management Research Group. The research approach is to simultaneously carry out theoretical and practical research. The philosophy is best captured in Kurt Lewin's famous quote "there is nothing so practical as a good theory". The development of a good theory requires both the rigor of basic research and observations from organizational work situations.

Usability and Interactive Technology Lab

The Use-IT lab has been in existence since the Fall of 1996 and moved into its new home (EC4) in 2016. The primary focus of research in the lab is on performance and usability issues concerned with interactive technology and virtual environments. However, there have been other human factors-related projects that have been associated with the Use-IT lab.

Vision and Image Processing Group

The Vision and Image Processing Laboratory is dedicated to understanding visual processes and finding solutions for the outstanding problems in image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, and machine learning. With four faculty members and over twenty graduate students at any given time, the VIP lab carries on a wide variety of research projects, with particular emphases on medical imaging, remote sensing, and industrial collaborations.

VLSI Group

The VLSI Group conducts research in the areas of structured hierarchical design, simulation and modelling methodology for digital, analog, and mixed analog/digital VLSI circuits and systems. The group is also investigating VLSI computer architectures and their applications.

Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research (WATCar)

The University of Waterloo's Automotive Research Strategy is primarily focused on identifying key existing areas of research activity, representing major expertise and capacity in those respective fields, as well as on the establishment of the Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research. The Centre coordinates and promotes automotive research at the University, as well as acts as a common interface for strategic interation with OEMs and Tier 1 Automotive Vendors. WatCAR's focus is to leverage the existing research foundation, and to support major breakthroughs and innovations to the automotive sector. A detailed brochure capturing all aspects of UW automotive-related research is available, titled "Driving Force".The University of Waterloo's automotive expertise extends to:-Manufacturing-Mechatronics-Alternative Fuels-Environment-Human Factors/Ergonomics-Design

Waterloo Formal Methods

WATFORM is a joint research group of the School of Computer Science and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo. We study formal methods and their applications for discrete event control systems, hardware designs at varying levels of abstraction, and software engineering.

Waterloo Hydrology Lab

In the Hydrology lab we focus on the application of meso-scale hydrological models to various river basins around the world. Both of the hydrological models used, WATFLOOD and WATFLOW, were developed at the lab and are currently being used by research groups and government agencies internationally. Most of the projects carried out by the lab are done in partnership with different divisions of Environment Canada while funding coming from various government agencies including Environment Canada, NSERC, and CFCAS. The Hydrology Lab is also in charge of the operation of the University of Waterloo Weather Station. The station has been in operation since February of 1998 and has all the equipment of a Class A Environment Canada synoptic weather station. The website associated with the station provides current weather conditions updated every 15 minutes as well as free access to an archive containing all data ever recorded at the station. The website is very popular recording over 2000 visits every day while data from the station are often quoted by the local media.

Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology

Established in 2008, the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN) membership spans 9 departments with 30 existing faculty, 21 new nanotechnology appointments, 42 graduate nanotechnology Fellowships, a state-of-the-art, $160M Quantum-Nano-Centre and Canada's largest co-operative nanotechnology engineering undergraduate program. Research themes include Nano-Materials for Energy and the Environment, Nano-Biosystems and Nanomedicine, Quantum-Nano Photonics, Micro-Nano fluidics, Nano-Electronics, Thin Films, OLEDS and Fabrication.

Waterloo Institute Sustainable Energy

The goal of the Waterloo Institute for Sustainable Energy (WISE) is to develop energy systems and policies that enhance social, economic, and environmental performance for long term sustainability. The mission is to conduct original research and provide solutions for timely implementation by business, government and industry. A strong energy sector is essential for a vibrant and competitive economy. WISE is at the forefront of innovative research to generate options for the existing energy production and delivery system, and promote energy efficiency and environmental sustainability.

Waterloo is unique in its research excellence across a broad range of strategic areas critical to enhancing sustainable energy use. We advance solar and wind energy; bioenergy; fuel cells; battery technologies and storage; clean diesel for green auto
power trains; greenhouse gas mitigation; integration of distributed generation systems; planning and reliability studies of the power system infrastructure; and policy research to support conservation, energy efficiency and demand management. More than 50 experts from the faculties of Engineering, Environmental Studies and Science are involved in multi-disciplinary studies to advance work in these areas. WISE is proud of the many accomplishments that have established it as a North American leader in sustainable energy research.

Waterloo Management of Integrated Manufacturing Systems Research Group

The WATMIMS Research Group was formed to promote and coordinate applied projects involving industry and academic researchers in the areas of logistics and manufacturing. It is housed in the Department of Management Sciences at the University of Waterloo, which enables its members to draw on the expertise of colleagues to provide fully-integrated solutions to modern logistics and manufacturing problems.A main focus of the group is to conduct applied research in conjunction with industry partners. This includes the development and application of tools and techniques for use in the management of integrated manufacturing and logistics systems, and the creation of new knowledge about the design, implementation, operation, and control of these systems. Included here are the important interfaces with purchasing, transportation, product/process design, inventory management and human resources.