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Cornell University - 2016

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Graduate

Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Applied and Engineering Physics

The theme of research programs in Applied & Engineering Physics (AEP) is the application of the techniques, the training, and the culture of physics to research areas usually associated with other scientific and engineering disciplines. Current research areas of interest to AEP faculty involve combinations of nano science, optics and photonics, biological physics, advanced materials, and advanced instrumentation. AEP research programs involve strong collaborations with faculty members in physics, chemistry, engineering, and the life sciences. AEP leads the way in integrating the physical sciences, life sciences, and engineering at Cornell.

Students in the graduate program of Applied Physics at Cornell University may pursue thesis research in any one of several broad areas, including: Biophysics, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Nano science and Nanotechnology Optical Physics, Quantum electronics, Photonics, Renewable energy, Astrophysics, and Plasma Physics.

Students in the graduate program of Applied Physics at Cornell University may pursue thesis research in any one of several broad areas, including: Biophysics, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Nano science and Nanotechnology Optical Physics, Quantum electronics, Photonics, Atomic, Molecular and chemical Physics, Renewable energy, Astrophysics, and Plasma Physics.

Biological and Environmental Engineering

Biological and Environmental Engineering has four main research areas noted below: They overlap greatly in their general focus, the faculty interests, graduate student interests, and current and proposed research projects. Biological Engineering is an interdisciplinary area focusing on the application of engineering principles to analyze biological systems and to solve problems in the interfacing of such systems -- plant, animal or microbial--with human-designed machines, structures, processes and instrumentation. Environmental Engineering’s broad mission is to improve the understanding of physical, chemical, and biological processes related to water flow with the ultimate goal of improving and protecting water resources and ecological systems throughout the world and in socially conscious ways. Food and Bioprocessing Engineering’s research and teaching program are built around the application of transport phenomena (e.g., energy and water transport, fluid flow) in biological processes in an effort to better understand their complexities with the intent of improving them through optimization. Industrial biotechnology can be simply defined as the exploitation of enzymes, microorganisms, and plants to produce energy, industrial chemicals and consumer goods.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering strives to develop new tools to improve human health. Our goal is to understand the human body as an integrated system through quantitative engineering analysis, and then to develop better therapies, devices, and diagnostics. Our focus is to predict how changes at the molecular level relate to the cellular, tissue/organ, and ultimately to whole body level responses. Our department has the goal of being the best BME department in the nation in two research topics. (1) cellular imaging, particularly in vivo optical imaging, and (2) micro-and nano-biotechnology. The department expects to be among the top 10 BME departments in (1) biomaterials and drug delivery, (2) molecular, cellular and systems engineering, (3) tissue engineering, and (4) biomechanics and mechanobiology. For the graduate field of BME, which is much larger than the department, we emphasize six general areas of BME research: Biomechanics & mechanobiology; Drug delivery & nanomedicine; Imaging & instrumentation; Molecular & cellular engineering; Systems & synthetic biology; and, Tissue engineering & biomaterials.

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Faculty and their research groups in the Robert Frederick Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering are leaders in the development of both fundamental and applied approaches to solve some of our world’s most pressing challenges. We have five primary areas of research: Complex Fluids and Polymers; Biomolecular Engineering; Computational and Systems Biology; Nanoscale Electronics, Photonics and Materials Processing; and Sustainable Energy Systems. In Complex Fluids and Polymers, we are pioneering research in areas such as: polymer rheology and physics, biological transport, and advanced materials processing. Under the umbrella of Biomolecular Engineering, groundbreaking efforts are concentrated on: synthetic biology, systems biology, biomedical and biotechnological research, and biophysics of both mammalian and prokaryotic life. In Computational Analysis the emphasis is in areas such as: energy transformations and energy systems engineering, complex fluid modeling of colloids and gels, nanoparticle flows, electrospinning fibers, electronic design and properties, biological networks and biological design. In Nanoscale Electronics, Photonics and Materials Processing, the primary foci are on: material properties in nanofibers, energy harvesting efficiency of solar cells using photonic crystals and surface science of organic and inorganic materials. Under Sustainable Energy Systems, areas of effort are in: geothermal science, photonic materials and solar energy capture, battery power, storage, and transmission, and biomass conversion.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Research in Civil & Environmental Engineering covers an extremely broad range of topics. What binds them together, is a context of public works and service - research that benefits the public good. Whether in civil infrastructure, engineering systems & management, or environment, the research conducted in Cornell's CEE School is at the cutting edge of technological and scientific developments. Civil Infrastructure conducts research in Computational Solid Mechanics; Geotechnical Engineering; and Structural Engineering. Environmental research is conducted in the areas of: Environmental and Water Resources Systems; Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology; and Environmental Processes.
Engineering Management is for students who seek leadership positions in management of projects, people, and organizations, combining engineering competency with managerial skills to bring about the efficient development of technology. Engineering Systems and Management research works on Environmental and Water Resources Systems; Remote Sensing; and Transportation Systems Engineering.

Computer Science

The dynamic field of computer science grows in new directions minute by minute with amazing developments taking place"from graphics and animation to machine learning, from fundamental areas such as security and systems development to emerging fields such as computational sustainability and database driven virtual worlds. Cornell Computer Science is a leader in this transformation, producing cutting-edge research in many important areas.
The contributions of Cornell Computer Science to research and education are widely recognized, as shown by the two Turing Awards and the MacArthur "genius" award our faculty have received, among numerous other awards. Current computer science research at Cornell includes the areas of: Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Scientific Computing, Computer Architecture and VLSI, Security, Database Systems, Systems and Networking, Graphics, Theory of Computing, and Programming Languages.

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Understanding how geological and environmental factors relate to engineering practices of all kinds will be increasingly important to society. Structures must be built to withstand geological and meteor logical stresses (storms, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions) and to be adaptable to long term global change(coastal systems) while minimizing negative impacts to the environment (groundwater quality, local heat balance, atmospheric composition) The Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences provides the scientific background needed to address these kinds of issues. EAS's faculty are deeply committed to a mixture of basic and applied research, to the training of graduate students to be leading researchers, to engaging individual undergraduate students in research experiences, and to infusing our courses with insights that come from our research. Research theme groups include: Geophysics, Active Tectonics, and Structural Geology; Geophysical Fluid Dynamics; Climate & Paleoclimate; Biogeochemistry/Climate Interactions; Geochemistry, Petrology, & Volcanology; Surface Processes, Sedimentary Basins, & Paleobiology; Energy, Mineral, & Water Resources; Meteorology & Applied Climatology; Ocean Studies; Space and Planetary Sciences; and Earth System Science.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Electrical and Computer Engineering research activities span from atomic scale solid-state devices to global positioning and communication systems. Current research includes nano-scale device fabrication, high-speed RF devices and systems, low power high performance computing architecture, wireless communication networks and protocols, information theory and processing, bioelectrical circuits and medical imaging, and energy and power engineering. See www.ece.cornell.edu for more information.

Graduate Field of Applied Mathematics

Theoretical and Applied Mathematics provides the background necessary to conduct fundamental research in applied mathematics and engineering science, exploring a spectrum of questions concerning matter from its smallest to its grandest scale. The ideas that spring from this work have a profound effect across an array of science and engineering fields. Four concentrations"Dynamics and Space Mechanics, Solid Mechanics, Mechanics of Materials, and Fluid Mechanics"provide the foundation for the department’s efforts, but TAM actively encourages students and faculty to look outside their specialties. The result is an eclectic mix of research, involving everything from mathematical modeling of diseases to understanding DNA elasticity; the design of robots that can walk autonomously to understanding the dynamics of insect flight; modeling risky business ventures to testing wing fracture potentials of various aircraft design materials. Future initiatives involve delving more deeply into the micro- and nanomechanics of materials, biomolecular mechanics, and the application of mathematical modeling to the emerging field of systems biology.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science is at the forefront of many current technological advances, from fuel cells to drug delivery. The Materials Science and Engineering Department at Cornell is broadly interdisciplinary and has led the way in moving the study of Materials Science away from a curriculum based on materials classes -- polymers, metals, semiconductors, ceramics -- to one based on systems and applications. There is a great need for advanced materials in the new world economy and Materials Science has developed systematic approaches to move forward with groundbreaking innovation.
MSE’s research focuses on four broad strategic areas of interdisciplinary research that have a high societal impact: In Energy Production and Storage the following areas are particularly aligned with the current materials research at Cornell as they play to our existing strengths: photocatalysis, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, phononics, batteries and supercapacitors. In Electronics and Photonics advances in nanoscale fabrication have led to recent advances in this field. We have targeted the following areas: oxide semiconductors, 3D integration, materials beyond silicon, high K and low K dielectrics, plasmonics, spintronics, and multiferroics., In Bio-inspired Materials and Systems the following areas are particularly aligned with the current materials research at Cornell: bioinspired composites, engineered protein films for adhesion, lubrication and sensing applications, molecular tools for in-vitro and in-vivo imaging (C-Dots, FRET), as well as biomaterials for tissue engineering and drug delivery., and in Green Technologies we have targeted green composites and new systems for CO2 capture and conversion as areas of future growth.

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Visualize working alongside fellow engineers in the Space Systems Labs developing in-orbit inspection satellites, developing robotics for space exploration with the Microgravity Research Team, or investigating interesting fluid dynamics problems. Discover the world of research at the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Experience pioneering advancements in aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, aerospace systems, and control. See groundbreaking developments in biomedical mechanics, engineering materials, fluid dynamics, and nanotechnology, work within nationally recognized research initiatives such as the Cornell University Satellite Project and use top-notch research facilities including the Nanobiotechnology Center and the Cornell Center for Materials Research. In MAE we are finding real-world solutions to today’s most urgent problems

Operations Research and Information Engineering

The School of Operations Research and Information Engineering (ORIE) is committed to high-caliber original research, fostering the study, design, and integration of efficient decision-making tools in complex situations and systems. ORIE has earned world-class distinction as a leader in operations research and as a focal point for engineering excellence more broadly. Cornell Operations Research studies complex situations through: building large-scale analytic models, both stochastic and deterministic; statistics and data mining; algorithms for feasibility and optimization; and building complex simulation models. Areas of research focus include: Algorithms; Applied Probability; Data Mining; Financial Engineering; Infotech Modeling; Networks; Optimization; Statistics; and Supply Chain.

Statistical Science

Statistical Science takes advantage of Cornell's extensive resources, drawing from many colleges and research groups (AS, CALS, CIS, Engineering).
Specific research areas include agricultural statistics, biostatistics, classification, economic and social statistics, empirical process theory, epidemiology, functional data analysis, high dimensional statistics, machine learning, manufacturing statistics, quality control and reliability, probability theory, sampling theory, statistical computing, statistical design, statistical theory, and stochastic processes and their application. See www.stat.cornell.edu for more information.

Systems Engineering

Systems engineers deal with the technical design and management of complex systems by
building on their interdisciplinary expertise, systems engineering
principles, and practical experience. They use advanced analytical tools
to manage the complexity of large technical projects. Systems engineers
work in such diverse fields as aerospace, defense, transportation, manufacturing, energy,
commercial systems integration, product development, software development, and much more.
Research in Systems Engineering at Cornell covers an extremely broad
range of topics. Our research includes the study of natural and
engineering behaviors of complex systems, the design and operation of
them, the societal and behavioral context in which we find such systems,
as well as their local and global consequences. Because of the nature of
systems engineering, the research takes on a collaborative approach with
faculty from many different disciplines both in traditional engineering
areas as well as those outside of engineering such as health care, food
systems, environmental studies, architecture and regional planning and
many others.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Biofuels Research Laboratory

Cornell’s Biofuels Research Laboratory (BRL) is an 11,500 square ft facility designed and built to address biological barriers to the development of cellulosic biofuels such as ethanol, butanol, hydrogen, and methane. Funding for the BRL was provided by Empire State Development Corporation (ESDC) through a grant entitled “Enabling Cornell’s Research Capacity for Developing New York State Biofuels/Industrial Biotechnology Sector.” This facility is currently under the directorship of Professor Larry P. Walker. Within the walls of this state-of-the-art facility Cornell has built major research capacity to address scientific and technical barriers to liberating sugars from energy crops, such as switchgrass and woody biomass, and to biologically convert these sugars into biofuels. The BRL houses laboratories for the following activities: 1) feedstock size reduction and handling, 2) feedstock pretreatment, 3) biochemical conversion, 4) submerged and solid-state fermentation, 5) state-of-the-art analytical systems, and 6) office space designed to accommodate researchers from different disciplines that are participating in multidisciplinary research projects. An important objective for the BRL is the development of integrated intellectual property that improves the overall performance of the conversion system.

Center for Applied Mathematics

Graduate studies in the field of Applied Mathematics are the responsibility of a Faculty drawn from a wide range of disciplines, including Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Operations Research, Physics, Mathematics (Pure). Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. See www.cam.cornell.edu for more information.

Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science

The center provides facilities for research in astronomy and the space sciences carried out by several disciplines such as aerospace engineering, applied physics, electrical engineering, geological sciences, and theoretical mechanics. On the Cornell campus, the center operates the Spacecraft Planetary Imaging Facility and a computing facility and maintains laboratories for infrared astronomy, and planetary studies. See www.astro.cornell.edu/outreach/frontpage for more information.

Center for Nanomaterials Engineering and Technology

The Center for Nanomaterials Engineering & Technology is an established interdisciplinary research center, now open to the public. The center’s strengths lie in supporting innovative research, wide ranging applications as well as accelerating the development of technologies.
The Center for Nanomaterials Engineering & Technology houses the premier tools, instruments and equipment for nanoscale materials synthesis, research and development.

Center for Vertebrate Genomics

The Center for Vertebrate Genomics has several goals related to the enhancement of research and education in vertebrate genetics and functional genomics at Cornell. These include: conducting various activities to foster academic and research interactions amongst vertebrate geneticists across the campus; assisting in the recruitment of outstanding scientists with expertise in vertebrate functional genomics; contributing to relevant undergraduate and graduate education, postdoctoral training and recruiting, and the acquisition of grants to support these efforts; and supporting shared resources and enabling technologies relevant to modern genomics research.

Cornell Center for Materials Research

The CCMR advances, explores, and exploits the forefront of the science and engineering of advanced materials. The unifying theme of CCMR current research is mastery of materials at the atomic and molecular level. The synthetic, analytic, and theoretical tools and expertise necessary to understand and optimize materials, their surfaces and heterogeneous interfaces are converging at Cornell, and we are applying these tools to the development of purposefully structured materials with controlled properties. The center also hosts an excellent set of shared experimental facilities, a dynamic educational program for grades K through 12, and a NY State sponsored program of partnerships www.ccmr.cornell.edu/ for more information.

Cornell Center of Excellence for the Study of Pulsed-Power-Driven High Energy Density Plasma Studies

The mission of the Cornell Center of Excellence for the Study of Pulsed-Power-Driven High Energy Density Plasmas Studies is to use high current pulsed-power machines to generate and study matter at extremely high temperature and density, up to 10,000,000 degrees at close to solid density. This is accomplished typically by using 10,000-1,000,000 ampere current pulses to explode fine metal wires, either singly or in arrays of as many as 64 wires. Other sources of high energy density matter exploding thin foils and passing high current pulses through cylindrical gas puffs. The basic properties and potential applications of the high energy density matter are studied with state-of-the-art electrical and electro-optical techniques. This work is being carried out by students, faculty, and staff of the Laboratory of Plasma Studies at Cornell in collaboration with researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow. This research center is sponsored by the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. See http://www.plasmacenter.cornell.edu or http://www.lps.cornell.edu for more information.

Cornell Energy Institute

The Institute focuses on: 1) education through the development and delivery of energy related curricula, 2) technology- based energy research leading to scalable, sustainable energy solutions, 3) connecting energy education and research in a “living laboratory”, and 4) outreach to promote energy literacy and responsible deployment of sustainable energy options.

Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS)

The Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source supplies high energy x-rays to the scientific community at large. It supports multifaceted research and development programs of approximately 500 scientists from universities, national laboratories, industry and Cornell. Experimental work at CHESS includes diffraction and x-ray optics, materials science, macromolecular crystallography, structural biology, and high pressure research. See www.chess.cornell.edu for more information.

Cornell NanoScale Facility

CNF is a leading national research resource for experimental work that requires fabrication, synthesis, process integration, and advanced technical support in cross-disciplinary research encompassing life sciences, chemistry, materials science, physics, electronics, optics, and mechanics at the frontiers of nano-scale fabrication. Our Class-1000 clean room houses instrumentation for electron-beam and other advanced lithography techniques, chemical synthesis and assembly, deposition, growth, dry and other etching techniques, implantation, scanning probe and other microscopy techniques. Our tools are used annually by more than 700 users from across the nation in their hands-on experimental effort. See www.cnf.cornell.edu for more information.

Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing

The Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing (CAC) is a leader in high-performance computing system, application, and data solutions that enable research success. As an early technology adopter CAC helps scientists accelerate discovery. Located on the Ithaca campus, CAC serves faculty and industry researchers from dozens of disciplines, including biology, behavioral and social sciences, computer science, engineering, geosciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and business. The center operates Linux and Windows based HPC clusters. CAC staff has extensive experience and expertise in HPC systems and storage; application porting, tuning, and optimization; computer programming; database systems; data analysis and workflow management; Web portal design, and visualization. CAC is recognized for its expertise in analyzing the usability of large scale computational systems and for developing, managing, and evaluating training and education programs. CAC is a core high-performance computering service facility operating under a cost recovery model. CAC receives funding from Cornell University's Office of the Vice Provost for Research (OVRP) and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City, with additional funding from National Science Foundation, and leading public agencies, foundations, and corporations.

David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future

The David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future advances multidisciplinary research and cultivates innovative collaborations within and beyond Cornell. The Center stimulates, connects, and promotes sustainability research and scholarship across three interdependent themes: energy, environment, and economic development. See www.sustainablefuture.cornell.edu for more information.

Developmental Resource for Biophysical Imaging and Opto-electronics

The mission of Developmental Resource for Biophysical Imaging and Opto-electronics is to facilitate interdisciplinary research in the following areas: (1) multiphoton microscopy and nonlinear optical techniques for biophysics and biomedical imaging,(2) molecular and cellular biochemical physics, (3) fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and applications to studies of nanoscopic biophysical phenomena. Current research focuses on developing instrumentation to extend the imaging depth of multiphoton microscopy in living tissue preparations and on optimizing sensitivity to permit analytic imaging of intrinsic tissue fluorescence with minimal photo damage. See www.drbio.cornell.edu for more information.

EMC2 - Energy Materials Center at Cornell

EMC2- The Energy Materials Center at Cornell is dedicated to advancing the science of energy conversion and storage by understanding and exploiting fundamental properties of active materials and their interfaces.

Institute for Biotechnology and Life Science Technologies

The Institute for Biotechnology and Life Science Technologies is the successor of the Cornell Biotechnology Program that was established to promote the new discipline of modern biotechnology. A major role of the Institute is to promote education and training of biologists, engineers, agricultural personnel, and medical scientists. The Institute serves as a focal point for bringing together university scientists conducting research in the biological and physical sciences. See www.biotech.cornell.edu for more information.

Institute for Computational Sustainability

Computational Sustainability is an interdisciplinary field that aims to apply techniques from computer science, information science, operations research, applied mathematics, and statistics for balancing environmental, economic, and societal needs for sustainable development.
Focus: Developing computational and mathematical models and methods for decision making concerning the management and allocation of resources in order to help solve some of the most challenging problems related to sustainability.

Institute for the Study of the Continents

INSTOC was established to promote innovative research into the structure and geologic evolution of the continents. An affiliate of the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences (EAS), INSTOC is currently the base for major interdisciplinary research programs in the Andes (South America), the Himalayas and Tibet Plateau (China), the Middle East (Syria, Lebanon) and Taiwan. New initiatives are being developed in the Caribbean, India and Africa. INSTOC also hosts annual international workshops on frontier issues in contemporary geodynamics research. See www.geo.cornell.edu/instoc/ for more information.

Intelligent Information Systems Institute

The Intelligent Information Systems Institute began operation in December of 2000. Its mandate is threefold: To perform and stimulate research in computer- and data-intensive methods for intelligent decision-making systems; to foster collaborations between Cornell researchers, the institute's sponsors, and the scientific community; and to play a leadership role in the research and dissemination of the core areas of the Institute. IISI is modeled after national research institutes such as the DIMACS Center for Discrete Mathematics. The institute promotes research collaborations with our sponsors and the research community at large. Activities supported by the Institute include research collaborations and projects, visiting scientists, working groups, conferences and workshops, special programs on specific topics and challenge problems, technical reports, and other publications. IISI supports basic research within the Faculty of Computing and Information Science (FCIS) and promotes a cross-fertilization of approaches from different disciplines, including Operations Research, Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics. There are several areas of research across these different disciplines within IISI. See www.cis.cornell.edu/iisi/ for more information.

Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute

The Joan & Irwin Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute embodies the academic partnership between the Technion " Israel Institute of Technology and Cornell University on the Cornell Tech campus. The Institute promotes and leverages a synergy between its parent institutions to offer a global perspective on technology transfer, commercialization and entrepreneurship.

Areas of Impact
Connective Media: Spans mining and analysis of structured and unstructured online sources; machine learning and big data; and mobile platforms.
Healthier Life: Aims to create better healthcare information systems, mobile healthcare applications and medical devices for medical monitoring.
Built Environment: Research focuses on building, infrastructure, and urban-scale information processing; transportation and energy systems optimization; and the design of smart buildings.

Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science

The central scientific emphasis of the Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science (KIC) is to: (1) focus on next-generation microscopies, physical and electronic measurement and manipulation, and optoelectronic nanocharacterization; (2) build KIC’s measurement-oriented mission complementing the existing strengths in the multi-disciplinary research community at Cornell; and (3) identify particular areas of nanoscale science that are at a stage for ground breaking progress. To achieve these goals, the Kavli Institute engages interdisciplinary groups to explore cutting-edge approaches in nanoscale science and technology. See www.research.cornell.edu/KIC/index.html for more information.

Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics

The Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics is a major center for research in the area of condensed matter physics, atomic physics, and related areas. Research in the laboratory spans experimental and theoretical studies of many topics, including biophysics; computational physics and multi-scale modeling; electronic, mechanical, and optical properties of nanostructures; exotic and disordered materials; fundamental and applied quantum phenomena; high-precision measurements; low-temperature helium physics; liquid physics; magnetic phenomena and devices; phonons, oscillators, and two-level systems; quantum states of ultracold interacting atoms; protein crystallization, scanning-probe microscopies; soft condensed matter physics; strongly-correlated matter; and x-ray physics. See www.lassp.cornell.edu for more information.

Laboratory of Plasma Studies

LPS is an interdepartmental laboratory organized in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering to perform research into the physics of laboratory, space and solar plasmas. Areas of concentration include: (1) extensive pulsed-power facilities for experimental studies of inertial fusion; (2) theoretical calculations and computer simulations of astrophysical phenomena; (3) radio wave propagation in the ionosphere; and (4) a Department of Energy Center for The Study of Pulsed-Power-Driven High Energy Density Plasmas. See www.lps.cornell.edu for more information.

MCEER

Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research - MCEER is a national center of excellence dedicated to the discovery and development of new knowledge, tools and technologies that equip communities to become more disaster resilient in the face of earthquakes and other extreme events. The center, headquartered at the University of Buffalo, accomplishes this through a system of multidisciplinary, multi-hazard research, in tandem with complimentary education and outreach initiatives. Funded principally by NSF, the State of New York , and the Federal Highway Administration, the Center derives additional support from the Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency, and other state governments, academic institutions, foreign governments and private industry. See http://mceer.buffalo.edu for more information.See

Nanobiotechnology Center

Research in the Nanobiotechnology Center provides new insights into the function of biological systems and explores new applications of biological components that can only be addressed by the development and utilization of nanofabricated tools. The NBTC is committed to educating a new kind of scientist who is at home in biology, engineering, and the physical sciences. Current research areas are: biomolecular devices and analysis, cellular microdynamics, cell-surface interactions, and nanoscale cell biology. A multi-institutional Science and Technology Center funded by the NSF, the center has over 50 faculty members at Cornell University, Clark Atlanta University, Howard University, Oregon Health and Science University, Princeton University, and Wadsworth Center (NYS Public Health Lab). Specialized facilities are maintained in Duffield Hall to support research in nanobiotechnology and are available to the entire research community. See www.nbtc.cornell.edu for more information.

National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center

Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico is a part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. This national research center is operated by Cornell under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation (NSF). The observatory was conceived in 1960 by former Cornell electrical engineering professor William E. Gordon. It is the largest radio telescope in the world--the main reflector dish measures 330 meters (1000 feet) in diameter and covers an area of 18 acres.

Research at Arecibo is diverse and exciting--scientists travel from around the world to further their work with Arecibo's facilities. They have applied the technology to a range of projects investigating planets, pulsars, quasars, outer galaxies, and dark matter.

In 1997 engineers completed a $25 million upgrade to the Arecibo facility (shown at right). A Gregorian reflector system now hangs from the main detector area 137 meters (450 feet) above the main reflector dish. The Gregorian dome contains two relfector dishes, a radar transmitter, and microwave receivers. The secondary and tertiary reflectors channel the signal from the main reflector into the receivers.

National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network

The National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network is a community of fourteen university-based nanoscale infrastructure facilities, including the Cornell Nanoscale Science and Technology Facility, that is supported by National Science Foundation and that provide open access for conducting research and development in the science and engineering of the nanoscale. Each of the facilities, while serving broader needs, provides leadership in specific technical focus areas so that advanced techniques, instruments, and knowledge can be utilized by student and professional researchers and by industry and federal laboratories. The network also has in place a national and local effort in support of education, public outreach, in examining and developing ethical and societal consciousness and in examining implications of nanotechnology. See www.nnin.org for more information.

Northeast Regional Climate Center

The Northeast Regional Climate Center provides convenient and timely access to accurate and reliable climate information. The center also monitors and reports current climate conditions in the region. The expertise and data resources of the Northeast Regional Climate Center are available to assist in interpreting present conditions, quantifying climate variability, and assessing the likelihood of extreme weather events that often produce major social, economic, and environmental impacts in a region. See www.nrcc.cornell.edu for more information.

Platform for the Accelerated Realization, Analysis, and Discovery of Interface Materials

PARADIM is a new materials innovation platform led by Cornell University. It is an NSF mid-scale instrumentation program supported in the Division of Materials Research. PARADIM seeks to advance fundamental understanding of oxide-based hetero-interfaces with a range of two-dimensional (2D) material systems including oxides, chalcogenides and graphene through transformational research and mid-scale investments in instrumentation for bulk and thin film crystal growth and characterization. Fabricating interfaces and heterostructures between complex oxides and 2D materials allows for the creation of an atomically-precise “active substrate” that can itself have novel electronic and magnetic functionality, such as ferroelectricity, ferromagnetism, or superconductivity. Creating interface materials with designed properties opens up untold degrees of freedom that may result in transformational evolutions in next generation electronics. PARADIM is a partnership between Cornell, Clark Atlanta University, Johns Hopkins University, and Princeton University. This platform marks the beginning of a new PARADIM in materials discovery.

Power Systems Engineering Research Center

The Power Systems Engineering Research Center draws on university capabilities to creatively address the different challenges the evolving electric power industry currently faces. Under the banner of PSERC, multiple U.S. universities are working collaboratively with industry to (1) engage in forward-thinking about future scenarios for the industry and the challenges that might arise from them, (2) conduct research for innovative solutions to these challenges using multidisciplinary research expertise in a unique multi-campus work environment, (3) facilitate interchange of ideas and collaboration among academia, industry and government on critical industry issues, and (4) educate the next generation of power industry engineers. See www.pserc.org for more information.

Program of Computer Graphics

The focus of graphics research involves the three-dimensional modeling and rendering of very complex environments and algorithms for realistic image synthesis. Research is being conducted on light reflection models, methods for determining the interaction between diffusely reflecting surfaces, techniques for improving the computational efficiency of ray-tracing and radiosity, physical measurement of light reflections, medical and architectural CAD applications, computer animation, ornithology and much more. With now five faculty members and two research associates, we have expanded the scope of our research into physically based simulations for very complex multi-body collisions, aerodynamics and flight simulations, large deformation material behavior, and haptic feedback for user interfaces. Recently, we have embarked on research creating a software environment for the interactive modeling and simulation for sustainable building design as well as developments of new techniques for the next generation of human/computer interfaces. See www.graphics.cornell.edu for more information.

The New York State Water Resources Institute

The New York State Water Resources Institute is a federally and state mandated institute with the mission of improving water resource management in New York and the nation. See wri.eas.cornell.edu/ for more information.

Transportation Infrastructure Research Consortium

The Transportation Infrastructure Research Consortium is a consortium of twelve institutions in New York State with Cornell University as the lead institution. The consortium has been in operation since 1995. Its purpose is to bring together the research expertise of colleges, universities, and research organizations in a cross-disciplinary team approach to problem solving in cooperation with the staff of its principal sponsor, New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT). The partnering provides a mutually beneficial arrangement to improve the planning, design, construction, operation, and management of New York State's transportation infrastructure. Numerous specific research endeavors, ranging from legal aspects to roadside vegetation strategies to core engineering projects, are funded through the consortium in collaboration with NYSDOT. See ceeserver.cee.cornell.edu/tirc for more information.

Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology

The Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, founded in 2007, is an interdisciplinary research institute focusing on cell signaling and molecular dynamics. The goal of the institute is to build a vibrant center of scientific excellence in basic biology integrated with existing outstanding programs in chemistry and chemical biology, physics, plant biology, computational biology, and engineering. Scientists are developing and applying approaches and instrumentation needed to characterize the structure, function, and dynamics of the molecular machines required to keep all cells alive.