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The University of Western Ontario - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Biomaterials and Biochemical Engineering
Research interests of this group focus on bio-separation, bio-remediation, bio-pharmaceuticals, bio-polymers, bio-sensors, bio-reactor design, tissue engineering, materials for biomedical applications, and drug delivery.

Environmental and Green Engineering
Research in this area focuses on the development of physical, chemical, and biological processes that control, reduce, and prevent pollution in the environment (air, water and soil).

Macromolecular and Materials Engineering
Research in this area focuses on the production, manipulation, characterization and application of advanced materials. Fundamental research is carried out in controlling polymer and nanostructures using various synthesis and advanced characterization techniques.

Particle Technologies and Fluidization
Particle preparation, handling and processing play a major role in a variety of industries, including: chemicals; food; coal combustion plants; pharmaceuticals; mining and mineral processing; oil; and petrochemicals. Fundamental and applied research is conducted in fluidization, industrial crystallization, coating, drying, and high shear granulation.

Reaction and Process Systems Engineering
Research in this area focuses on the development of new catalytic materials and innovative reactor design and optimal control for multiphase and multifunctional reactors.

Water and Energy
Some of the research projects in this field of specialization include high-rate wastewater treatment technologies, biosolids & odor, combined sewer overflow treatment, water reuse, and microbiology and ecotoxicity.

Civil & Environmental Engineering

Environmental and Water Resources
Research includes: soil and ground water contamination; electrokinetic dewatering; coupled liquid, vapor and heat transfer in soils; industrial and mining waste recycling; landfill leachate treatment; biological treatment of wastewater; interaction of aggressive chemicals with liners; neural nets and fuzzy sets for water resources management; water resources system modeling; and hydropower optimization.

Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental
Research includes: tunneling and underground structures; dynamics of soils and foundations; design, analysis and construction of piles; machine foundation; unsaturated soil behaviour; waste geotechnics; well bore stability; landslides prevention and mitigation; strengthening of offshore foundation; safety assessment of dams and slopes; and design of buried concrete pipes.

Structural and Infrastructural
Research includes: effect of extreme wind events on structures; structural safety and code calibration, structural control; seismic evaluation and rehabilitation of structures; concrete technology; application of composite and smart materials; pipe lines analysis and design; bridge assessment and rehabilitation; modular steel structures; fracture mechanics; and risk and reliability.

Wind Engineering and Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Research includes: behaviour of tall buildings and long span bridges in wind; damping of structures; wind loading on low-rise buildings; modelling and testing of structures under tornadoes and downbursts; design of cladding against wind-driven rain; performance of full-scale structures; computational fluid dynamics; and bluff body aerodynamics.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Applied Electrostatics and Electromagnetics
Research in the Applied Electrostatics Research area specializes in the application of electrostatics to interdisciplinary problems. Researchers also focus on radio-wave propagation, radars, electromagnetic interference and stochastic electromagnetics.

Biomedical Systems
Research in this area focuses on modeling of biomedical systems through the development of software systems, computer hardware and specialized devices.

Communication Systems and Data Networking
Research in this area focuses on information engineering to develop new communications and data networking technologies.

Microsystems and Digital Signal Processing
Researchers in this area have expertise in high-speed and low-power VLSI circuits; analog and mixed-signal integrated circuits; cryptographic hardware and computer arithmetic; industrial applications of FPGA; speech and audio signal processing; and photonic crystal integrated micro and nano sensors.

Power Systems Engineering
Research in this area focuses on power electronic (ac-dc) conditioning technologies, control systems and protection and automation technologies.

Robotics and Control
Researchers focus on the design, control and application of advanced robotic systems; the use of smart materials and intelligent control techniques for the design and control of human-friendly robot manipulators; applications of modern control strategies in welding processes; and design and applications of mobile robotic systems, including underwater robots.

Software Engineering
Research in this area includes software evolution; service-oriented architecture; cloud computing, security; e-learning technologies; software estimation; predictive models; and human aspects of software engineering.

Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Mechanical Engineering
Research in this area includes specializations in biomechanics, musculoskeletal, and design and manufacturing.

Automation Technologies and Systems
Research in this area includes mechatronic systems, dynamics and control, robotics, sensors and actuators, real time control, micromechanics and geometric computing.

Materials and Solid Mechanics
Research in this area includes microstructure and properties of metals, polymers, composite materials, nanomaterials, and fuel cells.

Research in this area includes two-phase flows, convective heat transfer, alternative energy systems, porous medium, combustion, biological and environmental flows, and micro-systems.

Engineering in Medicine
This program combines expertise from the Departments of Chemical & Biochemical Engineering, Electrical & Computer Engineering and Mechanical & Materials Engineering. Engineering in Medicine offers students the opportunity to understand the role of engineers in modern medicine, explore innovative technologies that impact medical advancement and recognize opportunities for product development.

School of Engineering

Biomedical Engineering

Research in this area focuses on the design, creation, and modification of new and existing biocompatible materials for medical devices, such as heart valves, vascular prostheses and artificial skin/occlusive wound dressing, the properties of soft tissue in relation to the cardiovascular system, and dental materials.

Research in this area focuses on the development of new implant systems for all joins, intra-operative measurement systems, the development of in-vitro devices to simulate joint function in the laboratory, and knee, elbow, and shoulder implant wear testing.

Research in this area focuses on the development of new imaging systems, such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, digital radiography, magnetic resonance imagine and spectroscopy (MRI & MRS), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and tomographic radioisotope imaging.

This is a relatively new and very exciting area of biomedical engineering focusing on the development of robotic and other mechatronic systems and devices for applications in surgery and therapy.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory

Western’s Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory is recognized as the leading facility of this type in the world. Its wind engineering research is focused on problems where wind action plays a major role, and includes structures, dispersion of pollutants, applied meteorology, and industrial aerodynamics. The facility has an annual budget of $3M, and studies of real engineering structures have included the world’s tallest buildings, long-span bridges, cranes, and more. Faculty members associated with this group have won many national and international awards, and have been the definitive influence on the development and practice of wind engineering throughout the world.

Canadian Surgical Technologies & Advanced Robotics

CSTAR provides researchers with an environment and culture where innovation occurs. Strategic partnerships and collaboration are the norm, and successful product development is the result.

Fraunhofer Project Centre for Composites Research

The Fraunhofer Project Centre for Composites Research is a joint venture between Western University and the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT) in Pfinztal, Germany. The FPC @ Western develops, tests, validates and characterizes new lightweight materials and advanced manufacturing processes at industrial scale. By combining Fraunhofer's latest global technologies and Western's strengths in materials engineering, the FPC @ Western proactively addresses the needs of its industry partners.

Geotechnical Research Centre

The main purpose of GRC is to conduct geotechnical and related interdisciplinary research with emphasis on interfacing with industry. The faculty members forming the GRC, together with ten associate and adjunct faculty members, are investigating a range of challenging geotechnical and geoenvironmental problems.

Innovation Centre for Information Engineering

Western University is internationally recognized as a leading Universitiy in the field of information engineering research and training. Our expertise comes from a strong interdisciplinary team of more than 20 researchers from several faculties, including Engineering, Science, Social Science and members from international institutions. We offer a number of high quality graduate programs with specialization in wireless communications, modern data analysis and processing, software engineering and cybersecurity. The center conducts high quality research in the field of information engineering and its emerging applications to various aspect of modern society, such as internet of things, health care, smart cities, sustainable development, energy and many others. We are actively engaged in industrial projects with significant Canadian and international partners. Being a part of an education institution we provide high quality unique graduate programs spanning areas of the Center's expertise.

Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction

ICLR is a world-class centre for multi-disciplinary disaster prevention research and communications. Institute staff and researchers are international leaders in wind and seismic engineering, atmospheric science, risk perception, hydrology, economics, geography, health sciences, public policy and a number of other disciplines.

Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from Alternative Resources

ICFAR is a leader in the development of technologies and processes for the production of chemicals and fuels from alternative resources, with an emphasis in green engineering and environmental sustainability. The goal is to quickly move research from the lab benches to large demonstration projects at ICFAR, paving the way for Ontario bio-fuel and chemical innovations to get to the global marketplace.

Insurance Research Lab for Better Homes

The Insurance Research Lab for Better Homes is a multi-million dollar state of the art research facility built to examine all aspects of house construction by performing novel experiments on extreme wind effects, moisture penetration, energy efficiency and mould growth.

The ultimate aim of our research is to improve construction techniques to make our communities more resilient to natural hazards and more energy efficient in the coming decades.

The Insurance Research Lab for Better Homes brings, for the first time anywhere, the application of realistically simulated time and spatially varying wind loads to full-scale houses and light-frame structures including sheet steel buildings, in a controlled manner, up to failure. This allows an assessment of the integrity of the overall structure of the building, the pathways by which the load is transmitted through the structure to the ground and the performance of individual building components as part of the whole construction. Information on human error during the construction process is collected and its impact on the potential damage and failure is analyzed.

The facility can be used to assess the factors influencing the ingress of moisture due to wind-driven rain and the development of harmful mould growth under realistic environmental conditions. Simulated snow loading can be investigated as well.

Particle Technology Research Centre

PTRC is dedicated to the advancement of research, innovation, and technological development in the particle technology area and aims to establish and enhance research collaboration with other university research groups, research institutions and industry.

WindEEE Research Institute

The Wind Engineering, Energy and Environment (WindEEE) Dome is the world’s first hexagonal wind tunnel. Its large scale structure (25 meters diameter for the inner dome and 40 meters diameter for the outer return dome) will allow for wind simulations over extended areas and complex terrain. In a nutshell WindEEE will, for the first time, allow for the manipulation of inflow and boundary conditions to reproduce, at large scales and under controlled conditions, the dynamics of real wind systems.