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New Jersey Institute of Technology - 2016

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Graduate

Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

Research is conducted cooperatively between NJIT and the medical and dental schools of Rutgers University, the Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, St. Barnabas Medical Center, Veteran’s Administration Medical Center in East Orange, the Children’s Specialized Hospital, the Public Health Research Institute, the Rutgers Center for Biological and Molecular Neuroscience and other institutions in the New Jersey-New York metropolitan area. In addition, cooperative research opportunities exist with a number of biomedical device and pharmaceutical companies within a short commuting distance from NJIT. Areas of research include applied biomaterials and tissue engineering; cell-biomaterial interaction; materials processing; surface characterization and modification of biomaterials; materials testing; in vivo models; tissue-engineering scaffolds for repair of bone and other related musculoskeletal tissues; nerve tissue regeneration utilizing stem cells; vision research and neurology by integrating eye movement research with function MRI; developing new instruments to probe the visual system and new signal and image processing to understand how visual information is processed by the brain; neural engineering; rehabilitation engineering; computer-assisted rehabilitation; neural control of human movement; machine recognition of human gesture; gesture dynamics; telemanipulation; haptic and kinesthetic systems; multimodal human/machine interaction; mechatronics; cardiac function; cardiovascular tissue engineering with applied mechanics; axon growth; mechanisms of neural injuries; nervous system injury repair; neural prostheses; brain-computer interfaces; optical neural stimulation; cerebellar and spinal cord circuits; neural recording with multi-electrode arrays; electrode materials; biomaterial and biomolecule synthesis; computational mechanics of materials at various scales; superplasticity; interfaces; nano-bio materials; experimental mechanics; blast- and blunt- induced traumatic brain injury; central auditory processing; developing and translating mathematical techniques for evaluating the structural and function organization in the human brain using structural MRI/fMRI; DTI data.

Chemical, Biological & Pharmaceutical Engineering

Research programs are focused on: Membrane Science, Engineering and Technology (see center description); Advanced Particulates and Particle Technologies (see center description), Pharmaceutical Materials and Engineering, Advanced Energetics and Metal Combustion, Polymers and Biomaterials, Catalysts and Catalysis, Industrial Mixing, Micro- and Nanofluidics, and Environmental Systems: Processes and Treatment. 

Civil and Environmental Engineering

The Civil and Environmental Engineering research is conducted within the department including these centers: Center for Transportation and Industrial Productivity, International Intermodal Transportation Center, Transportation Economic and Land Use System, Northeast Hazardous Substance Research Center, Flood Mitigation Engineering Resource Center, and the Center for Natural Resources Development and Protection.

Research laboratories include: the Geo-environmental Engineering Laboratory, the Materials Characterization Laboratory at the Otto York Center for Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Hydraulics and Hydrogeology Laboratory, Remote Sensing GIS Laboratory, Concrete and Materials Laboratory, Construction Testing Laboratory, Strength of Materials Laboratory, Surveying GPS Laboratory, Soils and Geotechnical Laboratory, Transportation Laboratory, Smart Sensors and Nondestructive Testing Laboratory, and the Structures Laboratory

Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Electrical and Computer Engineering department houses the: Electronic Imaging Center, Elisha Yegal Bar-Ness Center for Wireless Communications and Signal Processing Research, Ion Beam Laboratory, the Microwave and Lightwave Engineering Laboratory, Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing Laboratory, Networks Research Laboratory and Laboratory for Integrated Nanostructures.

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

The scope of research in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering is broad, spanning the full spectrum from theoretical and computational to experimental research. Research is conducted by faculty and students with assistance, as needed, from the technical support staff. Research areas include: multiphase fluid dynamics; powder processing and transport; modeling of reacting thermofluid systems; fuel cell technologies and energy storage systems and materials; computational fluid dynamics; microfluidics; electrohydrodynamics; self-assembly; granular mechanics and flows; vacuum technology and membrane distillation and filtration; biochip technologies; continuum mechanics, mechanics of nonlinear materials, modeling, simulation and experimental validation of novel materials systems, such as: shape memory polymers, single crystal super alloys, biological tissues, and polymer­based nanocomposites; mechanics of nanomaterials, and fracture mechanics ;mechanism synthesis; dual­number methods in kinematics, statics, and dynamics of spatial mechanisms; robotics and system dynamics; mechatronics; microelectronics packaging; lean and agile reconfigurable automated systems; healthcare systems engineering; healthcare technology; production and transportation planning, inventory control, dynamic pricing; distribution and logistics; sustainable energy and production systems; industrial ecology and lifecycle management; complex ecological ­industrial systems analysis and simulation; musculoskeletal biomechanics and rehabilitation engineering with mechanics, design and robotics interactions.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Center for Brain Imaging

The long-term goal of the Center for Brain Imaging is to better understand human brain function using integrative neuroimaging and statistical and computational modeling methods. We have four research themes: human brain functional patterns and their development in health; reliable neuroimaging measures; functional patterns in animal models; and a combination of the above information to explore how specific aspects of psychological processes associate with brain function and how mental and neurodegenerative diseases disrupt normal brain functioning. Our work is based on the principle that understanding the complexity of brain function and its development will prove helpful, and perhaps even necessary, in the search for effective treatments. We use modern neuroimaging techniques (MRI, fMRI, PET, fNRIS), and we map the three levels of the intrinsic architecture within the brain function (i.e., region, subnetwork and entire brain). We then direct our investigations to brain development within different life spans, to computational simulation on brain connectome and to clinical psychology and psychiatry guided by our neuroimaging results. We are working on several disease models including aging, Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia and autism, as well as on spinal cord injury subjects.

Center for Injury Biomechanics, Materials and Medicine

The Center for Injury Biomechanics, Materials and Medicine (CIBM3) is a multi- and interdisciplinary research center focused on understanding, diagnosing and treating brain injuries and concussions using experimental and computational methods. The Center is involved in both Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), a major concern among U.S. soldiers and veterans, and Mild TBI and concussion in sports injuries, which have also raised serious health concerns. Specifically, through novel blast tube and drop tower facilities, we examine what type of helmets, pads and configurations offer the right protections to soldiers and players. We study when and how concussions are caused and if there are simple diagnostic methods to determine concussions. We use animal models and mechanical surrogates to examine the role of blast pressures and the height of falls to relate insult to injury to medical outcomes. Some of our recently funded eff orts include examining the effect of blast overpressures on the dose-response curve of animal models and research into the mechanisms of blast-induced brain injury. In yet another project, we use experimental methods to study the effect of eyewear and hearing protection on the TBI susceptibility of warfighters.

Center for Natural Resources Development and Protection (NRDP)

The NRDP is involved in areas of coastal pollution mitigation, computational fluid dynamics, floodplain delineation, geostatistics, groundwater management, movement of chemicals in urban streams, offshore pollution mitigation, river hydraulics and quality, and stormwater management.

Membrane Science, Engineering and Technology

In July, 2010 NSF selected the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) to be the Lead Site for the operation of an Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) called MAST which stands for Membrane Science, Engineering and Technology. NSF awarded NJIT an amount of $400,000 for a five year contract potentially renewable for an additional ten years for the operation of this Center. Two additional grants for Research Experience for Undergraduates (REUs) worth a total of $16,000 have also been awarded by NSF to this Center. Additional amounts of $49,801 and $54,627 were awarded to the Center by NSF during 2015-2016 on account of new membership money. This Center is of the Multisite type with a Research Site located at the University of Colorado, Boulder, CO. In April 2014, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR became an additional site for the Center. The Center is focused primarily on supporting graduate research in membranes and membrane technologies based on problems suggested by corporate members who sit on the Industrial Advisory Board (IAB). The problem areas of research interest include novel membrane fabrication, novel membrane process concepts, membrane characterization and analysis, membrane fouling prevention and membrane device modeling. The Executive Director for the Center during 2010 -2015 was Professor Kamalesh K. Sirkar of Otto York Department of Chemical, Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering. Prof. Boris Khusid of the same department was a director of the NJIT site of this Center during the same period. In late October 2015, NSF RFP changed I/UCRC structure and eliminated the notion of a lead site. Professor Sirkar is now the NJIT Site Director and Prof. Khusid is the NJIT site Co-Director. 

North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority

The NJTPA prepares and updates a number of documents that detail the investments and planning activities that will help improve regional transportation. They include: Regional Transportation Plan for Northern New Jersey (RTP); Transportation Improvement Program (TIP); Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP); Strategic Business Plan.

Otto H. York Center for Environmental Engineering and Science

The Otto H. York Center for Environmental Engineering and Science (YCEES) houses several nationally recognized environmental centers, programs and initiatives at NJIT. These include the Hazardous Substance Management Research Center (HSMRC), the EPA Northeast Center for Hazardous Substance Research, the Sustainable Green Manufacturing Program, and the U.S. Army Smart Coatings Program, as well as the NJIT component of the New Jersey Sustainable State Institute. These activities involve other academic partners, including Rutgers University (RU) and Clemson. Also affiliated with YCEES is the Multi-lifecycle Engineering Research Center. Internationally, the Center is involved in many collaborative and information projects. Formal research initiatives are underway with counterpart academic-industrial centers in France, and Northern Ireland. Joint research projects are also underway in Thailand.