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University of Virginia - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

U.Va. Biomedical Engineering's innovative research programs span basic to translational research. Historical strength in cardiovascular science and medical imaging is prominent, with deeply rooted partnerships in the Cardiovascular Research Center, Cancer Center, and Department of Radiology. Collaboration across the Schools of Medicine and Engineering likewise drive more recent research excellence in computational systems biology, tissue engineering, and cell and molecular engineering. Commercialization of the technologies emerging from our labs is supported by a Wallace H. Coulter Foundation Translational Research Partnership Award.

Chemical Engineering

Research in the department is focused around four central clusters. There are extensive faculty and student interactions within each cluster, and with other departments.
Major equipment items include a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) spectrometer, a three-dimensional tracking microscope, FTIR spectrometers configured for in situ sample analyses, fermenters, cell culture reactors, laminar flow hoods, high pressure liquid chromatographs, a fluorimeter, UV/vis spectrophotometers, quadrupole mass spectrometers, electrospray liquid chromatography/mass spectrometers and video microscopes. Laboratory computational equipment includes a 64 processor Beowulf cluster as well as many SGI, SUN, and IBM workstations for simulation and visualization.

Civil & Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering pursues a well-funded and diverse research agenda that is supported by internationally renowned faculty and state-of-the-art facilities. We collaborate with government agencies, private industry and foundations to identify and address research needs while developing new approaches for sustainable infrastructure development and the preservation of our natural environment. Our research program is further enhanced by our long-standing and ongoing partnership with the Virginia Transportation Research Council of the Virginia Department of Transportation , the Program of Interdisciplinary Research in Contaminant Hydrogeology (PIRCH), the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, and Universitas 21.

Computer Science

The computer science department at the University of Virginia attracts federal research support in excess of $6 million annually, with total external research funding of more than $7 million each year. In recent years, the department has brought in $11 million in sponsored research, $440,000 per faculty member who received funding.
In addition to excelling in traditional research areas within computer science, we believe that many important research challenges lie at the boundary of computer science and other disciplines.
With exceptional strength in experimental systems and applied research, our researchers are blazing new trails in many areas including: Secure & dependable software systems, Wireless sensor networks, High-performance computing, Programming languages, Medical record security, Temperature-aware electronics, Embedded computing, Fault analysis, Computational biology, Software engineering, Software assurance, Graphics and grid computing

Electrical and Computer Engineering

ECE is on the front lines, deeply involved in the explosion of knowledge that is energizing electrical and computer engineering. Our research program has made important contributions in such areas as ultra-high-frequency semiconductor and superconducting devices and systems, photonics, wireless communications, adaptive and nonlinear control, image and signal processing, analog and digital integrated circuits, embedded computer systems, safety assessment and fault-tolerant design, and in many other emerging technologies.
One reason for the vitality of our programs is our size. With over thirty academic and research faculty, the department is large enough to build areas of substantial strength, while small and flexible enough to respond rapidly to changes in our field. These qualities not only distinguish our research program but also make the department an ideal setting to study electrical and computer engineering. Our students have the opportunity to learn from and work closely with eminent researchers who are actively redefining the state of knowledge in their field.

Materials Science and Engineering

Surfaces and Interfaces
Interfaces between phases are being increasingly recognized as critical elements in the understanding of nucleation, growth kinetics and morphological development during phase transformations as well as properties in materials. Current research includes a study of the role of interphase boundaries during lamellar growth in ferrous and non-ferrous eutectoid transformations and the discontinuous reaction in the Cu-Ti, and Ni-In systems.
Light Metals
There is a need for structural materials which have a high strength and/or stiffness to weight ratio and at the same time are able to perform satisfactorily in hostile environments. The department is involved in a wide range of research on light materials including alloy processing, mechanical properties and microstructural characterization, deformation mechanisms and environmental effects of light metals.
The synthesis of rapidly solidified metastable metallic alloys and the study of their stability and unusual symmetry properties are of interest within the department. The structural relationship between the new phases and their glassy and equilibrium counterparts are investigated by convergent beam electron diffraction, x-ray diffraction, by lattice and structural imaging, and by computer simulation of structures. In particular, the competition between the glassy and quasi-crystalline order in some systems and the temporal evolution and morphological development (nucleation and growth) of the various phases are examined.
Electronic and Magnetic Materials
Current programs in electronic materials include (i) Fundamental studies of strain relief mechanisms in growth and processing of lattice-mismatched semiconductor heteroepitaxial layers, with particular emphasis on dislocation dynamics at ultra-high stresses; (ii) Studies of process-induced stresses in microelectronic and optoelectronic devices; (iii) Studies of electronic device degradation mechanisms by real-time imaging during device operation in the electron microscope, (iv) Studies of growth and processing of multi-layer interconnect structures in microelectronic circuits and (v) Studies of the chemistry, structure and mechanical properties of oxidized compound semiconductor materials. The common theme in these programs is correlation of atomic-scale structure and chemistry with electronic and optical properties of semiconductor materials and devices. These programs are funded by a range of government and industrial sponsors.
Due to increased demands on materials performance in extreme environments, metals and alloys are reaching their limitation. In order to attain property goals for new structural systems, alternate concepts must be utilized. Metal matrix composites are presently being evaluated as replacements for conventional materials. The department has been active in metal matrix composite research for over 25 years.

Fundamental investigations are being made on metal matrix composites including high temperature mechanical property determination, deformation and fracture for correlation with processing and microstructural features. Understanding the interaction between composite constituent phases and crack initiation and propagation is critical for defining failure mechanisms
Fatigue and Fracture Techniques

State-of-the-art fracture mechanics experimental methods, coupled with micromechanical modeling, are being employed to establish the cracking behavior of light aerospace alloys based on aluminum and titanium, as well as nickel-based superalloys and steels. The unifying goal of this work is to define fundamental mechanisms for fatigue and fracture. Successful work in this regard provides the foundation necessary for developments of high performance materials, and for damage tolerant component life prediction. Major research areas in mechanical behavior include ductile fracture, hydrogen embrittlement, high cycle fatigue, and environmental effects on fatigue crack growth.

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research is organized around three fields of study: solid mechanics, dynamical systems & control, and thermofluids. The particular focus areas range in scales from macro to micro and nano, and in scope from highly theoretical to quite applied, and utilize state-of-the-art analytical, computational, and experimental tools.
Solid Mechanics
Research in the solid mechanics area includes studies in: collision/injury mechanics, complex nonlinear simulation restraint optimization, morphing structures, polymer electromechanical devices (PEMs), mechanics of soft materials, neuromuscular biomechanics, movement disorders, musculoskeletal modeling and simulation.
Dynamical Systems and Control
Research in dynamical systems and control covers a wide range of problems of practical interest including vibration control, rotor dynamics, magnetic bearings, mechatronics, fluid control, neurodynamic control mechanisms for autonomous mobile robots and biological information processing, and the use of periodicity to enhance the achievable performance of controlled systems.
Research in thermofluids includes topics from micro-scale and non-Fourier heat transfer, combustion (including supersonic), reduced-order chemical kinetics, thermoacoustics, aerogels, remote chemical-agents sensing, remote biological-agents sensing, low speed unsteady aerodynamic flows, atmospheric re-entry flows, supersonic mixing, flows in liquid centrifuges, flow in centrifugal pumps, turbomachinery flows, bio-fluid mechanics, hydrodynamic stability, microgravity fluid mechanics, multi free-surface flows, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, flow/structure interactions, and free and forced convection.
Electrochemical Science and Environmental Failure
Corrosion costs the U.S. economy on the order of 4% of the Gross National Product annually. In 1991, this amounted to over $100 billion. Every type of industry is adversely affected by the degradation of materials' properties due to interactions with the environment. Advances in understanding the controlling processes are required for the development of new technologies as well as the extension ofthe useful life of the nation's infrastructure. Many corrosion reactions have an electrochemical nature. Charge transfer reactions, on the other hand, are also used to convert stored chemical energy to useful electrical energy in batteries and fuel cells. These related areas are the subject of major research emphasis in the department and include fundamental and applied programs.

Systems and Information Engineering

Department Research Areas
Computational Statistics and Simulation
Research in the Computational Statistics and Simulation group involves modeling, analyzing, and simulating dynamic systems characterized by complex process logic and uncertain behaviors.
Human Factors
Human Factors investigates and models the cognitive and physical performance of humans at work.
Risk and Decision Analysis
The Center for Risk Management of Engineering Systems develops theory, methodology, and technology to assist in the management of risk for a variety of engineering systems.
Systems Integration
Systems integration is a fundamental and critical aspect of systems engineering which can involve the integration of any system components.
Optimization and Control
The development of optimization and control techniques for improving systems performance is the main thrust of this research group.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Aerogel Research Laboratory

The Aerogel Research Laboratory was established in 1996 to investigate fundamental properties as well as cutting-edge applications of aerogels. Aerogel materials have the lowest thermal conductivity, lowest dieletric constant, lowest speed of sound, and lowest density of any solid material. Applications include thermal/acoustic/electrical insulation, microanalytical instrumentation, sensors, and sub-atomic collection media.

Aerospace Research Laboratory

Aerospace Research Laboratory conducts basic and applied research in advanced aerospace technologies. Research interests have expanded to include high-speed mixing and combustion, aeroacoustics, structures and materials, optical techniques, microscale heat transfer, and computational modeling.

Bio Inspired Engineering Research Laboratory

The Bio-Inspired Engineering Research Laboratory (BIER Lab) is an internationally recognized center for biologically inspired engineering research, with the primary goal of designing an autonomous robotic manta ray. Current research teams are engaged on a broad array of issues related to reverse engineering of biological systems, including: central pattern generator control, active tensegrity structures with integrated actuation, electro-active polymers (artificial skin/muscle), and hydrodynamics.

Cardiac Systems Biology Laboratory

The Cardiac Systems Biology Lab focuses on the study of cell signaling networks. Perturbations in these signaling networks contribute to the pathogenesis of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. One explanation for the remarkable ability of complex signaling networks to control the cell is the use of temporal and spatial strategies, such as feedback and compartmentation. Understanding of these sophisticated control mechanisms will require an integration of experimental and computational systems biology.

Center for Applied Biomechanics

The Center for Applied Biomechanics is dedicated to vehicle safety testing with a major emphasis on studying impact and injury biomechanics. The focal point of the 10,000-square-foot-facility is a test sled mounted on a 66-foot track, which allows simulation of high-speed automobile crashes. In addition to the sled system, the CAB has a number of pneumatic and gravity-driven impactors as well as state-of-the-art high-speed data acquisition and digital video systems. Major research efforts at the laboratory include the study of advanced occupant restraint systems, including air bag and seat belt systems. In particular, the CAB is establishing guidelines and criteria for the mitigation of air bag-induced injuries.

Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering

The Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering (CESE) is a multidisciplinary research effort that incorporates the Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering, as well as interactions with Electrical and Computer Engineering, Computer Science, and Physics. The center is one of the nation’s leading research groups of its kind, and its research affects the performance and reliability of most products manufactured in the world today.

Center for Engineering of Wound Prevention and Repair

The Center for Engineering and Wound Prevention and Repair conducts research in the following areas: development of a realistic pressure ulcer model for therapeutic testing; use of lipid growth factor to simulate cell proliferation and collagen synthesis; application of a synthetic analog of a laminin peptide sequence that acts as an integrin binding site to improve cell motility during repair; tensile testing of repair strength; study of skin flap perfusion using blood flow imaging and computer simulations; monitoring of angiogenesis during tissue repair; and active control of tissue stresses using force tranducers and finite element modeling.

Center for Risk Management of Engineering Systems

Center for Risk Management of Engineering Systems was founded by the University of Virginia in 1987 by the Council of Higher Education in Virginia as a University-wide resource. It develops theory, methodology and technology to assist in the management of risk for a variety of engineering systems. Working closely with faculty and students at the center, industry and government sponsors of research contribute their unique strengths and interests.

Center for Semicustom Integrated Systems

The Center for Semicustom Integrated Systems is an internationally respected research group in the areas of computer engineering and digital systems. The center’s ultimate missions are to accelerate economic growth, to improve products and processes, and to integrate the results of academic research into very large-scale integration (VLSI) industry developments. Its research and education programs help satisfy the growing need for leading-edge design tools and methods in the VLSI industry.

Center for Transportation Studies

The Center for Transportation Studies focuses on issues and problems related to the development, operation and maintenance of a safe, efficient intermodal transportation system for the Commonwealth of Virginia and the nation. The center’s research program is noted for being responsive to emerging challenges from the transportation sector and for continually probing into new areas of transportation-related research. The center’s comprehensive research program covers areas such as intelligent transportation systems, transportation planning and logistics, traffic simulation, highway safety, transportation pavements, and freight and traffic operations.

Commonwealth Center for Advanced Manufacturing

Commonwealth Center for Advanced Manufacturing (CCAM) is a partnership founded by the state, U.Va., Virginia Tech, Rolls-Royce and other partners. The vision for CCAM is to become a world-class research facility delivering improved aerospace design and manufacturing technologies. It is located at Crosspointe, in Prince George County, and is the largest Rolls-Royce site by area in North America.

Commonwealth Center for Aerospace Propulsion Systems

Commonwealth Center for Aerospace Propulsion Systems (CCAPS) is a partnership among Rolls-Royce, the U.Va. Engineering School and Virginia Tech’s College of Engineering to foster collaborative aerospace research while creating new educational opportunities for students at both schools. As a virtual center, CCAPS uses existing lab space at both U.Va. and Virginia Tech to address the latest aerospace propulsion system research questions, while offering students the opportunity to work as graduate research assistants and undergraduate interns. Under the guidance of Rolls-Royce, a world-class power systems provider, CCAPS will explore breakthrough concepts for creating more-efficient and -effective jet-engine propulsion systems.

Computational Systems Bioengineering Laboratory

The Computational Systems Biology Laboratory (CSBL) at the University of Virginia develops methods for integrating high-throughput data of biological systems and characterizing cellular network properties relevant to human disease. In particular, we reconstruct integrated cellular signaling networks and develop tools to analyze their properties. The analysis of these networks requires high-performance computing capabilities and sophisticated mathematical techniques.

Dependability Research Group

The Dependability Research Group studies the survivability of critical information systems: air traffic control, telecommunications, nationwide control of power distribution, and the financial system. Societal dependence on these systems is growing and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. The center’s research focuses on designing software that can be tailored to information systems to ensure the intended operation of their existing components.

Energy Initiative at the University of Virginia

The Energy Initiative at the University of Virginia is dedicated to developing and commercializing new sources of energy and new techniques to preserve and reclaim vital resources. The University of Virginia’s School of Engineering and Applied Science is partnering with other U.Va. schools to facilitate this innovation. University faculty, researchers and students are contributing to energy technology research " research that includes work in the areas of alternative renewable resources, ethics, policy, fuel cell efficiencies, nanotechnology, solar energy, and sustainable and efficient housing.

High-Performance Low-Power (HPLP) VLSI Laboratory

The High-Performance Low-Power (HPLP) VLSI Laboratory focuses primarily on original research in the field of low-power and high-performance electronics, spanning digital VLSI and analog systems, architectures, circuits and algorithms. HPLP currently has eight active researchers, as well as a new lab facility containing PCs and workstations donated by IBM and Intel.

Human Computer Interaction

The Human Computer Interaction develops decision-aiding systems, training systems and models of human performance in a wide variety of domains such as process control, medical, military and transportation. Teams of people typically work together and with a variety of computational systems to meet objectives within a complex set of constraints, using both well-defined strategies and ad-hoc reasoning. Typical tasks to be supported, trained or modeled include monitoring, diagnosis, control, scheduling, planning, and problem-solving for individuals, teams and organizations.

Intelligent Processing of Materials Laboratory

The Intelligent Processing of Materials Laboratory (IPML) is one of the nation’s premier centers for research on the processing of advanced materials. Affiliated with the University’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the laboratory incorporates both the synthesis and processing of materials along with their modeling, sensing and control. Goals of IPML’s research include development of innovative process technologies, creating models for predicting materials evolution during processing, designing advanced in-situ sensors for tracking material changes during processing, and creating model-based path optimization and feedback control.

Internet Commerce Group

The Internet Commerce Group (InterCom) is a coalition of University faculty and business leaders that promotes development of electronic commerce in Virginia by providing technical and business software, training and consulting services to companies entering (or already participating in) the electronic marketplace.

Keck Center for Cellular Imaging

The Keck Center for Cellular Imaging (KCCI) the primary goal of providing a state-of-the-art optical imaging facility to enhance both the research and teaching environments of the University. Concomicant with this goal is the continual development and implementation of novel optical imaging methods that interface expertise in biology, optics and electronic engineering.

Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics

The Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics (LASP) is one of the world’s leading laboratories studying the interaction of energetic particles (ions, electrons), UV photons and laser beams with surfaces. It seeks to understand the mechanisms leading to electronic excitations " luminescence, emission of electrons, radiation, atoms and molecules (sputtering) " and to radiation damage, chemical changes or heat. The studies use a wide array of experimental techniques, such as infrared spectroscopy, microbalance, mass spectrometry, and surface analysis, in addition to computer simulations. The research has applications in semiconductor processing, nuclear fusion, gas discharges, biology, astrophysics and space exploration. A substantial part of the laboratory’s work consists of modeling and simulations of surface processes in icy satellites, planetary atmospheres and magnetospheres, and interstellar grains. Projects are supported by NASA, NSF and SWRI. LASP collaborates with industrial, University and government laboratories in the U.S. and several countries overseas to advance research and education in this field.

Laboratory for Computer Architecture at Virginia

The Laboratory for Computer Architecture at Virginia (LAVA) focuses on processor-design issues, especially multicore and multithreaded chip architectures, architectures for temperature-aware and power-aware computing; applications of control theory to computer architecture; graphics architecture; novel processor organizations; and associated questions of modeling technique. LAVA currently receives funding from NSF, ARO, Intel and IBM and has ongoing collaborations with Harvard and IBM T.J. Watson Research Center.

Ley Laboratory

The Ley Lab, part of the Department of Biomedical Engineering, focuses on molecular mechanisms of atherosclerosis, biomechanics of leukocyte adhesion and targeted ultrasound contrast agents, molecular mechanisms of inflammation in Crohn’s disease, molecular mechanisms of neutrophil recruitment to the lung, and neutrophil homeostasis and proliferation in inflammation.

Microscale Heat Transfer Laboratory

The Microscale Heat Transfer Laboratory is dedicated to developing new techniques to assist in measuring, understanding and utilizing microscale thermal phenomena. The laboratory’s research is aimed at developing a fundamental understanding of energy transport on ultra-short time and length scales.

Molecular Biomechanics Laboratory

The Molecular Biomechanics Laboratory, part of the Department of Biomedical Engineering, is dedicated to understanding the molecular mechanisms by which cells move, and the application of this knowledge to the improvement of American public health.

Musculorskeletal Bioengineering

The musculoskeletal system is essential for personal locomotion and all daily activities in humans. The bones, supporting structures such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and control systems such as neural innervation and vascular blood supply all play a role in maintaining the system’s proper function. Orthopedic injuries are one of the leading causes of lost productivity and medical costs.

Nanoscale Materials Characterization Facility

The Nanoscale Materials Characterization Facility (NMCF) provides imaging, diffraction and chemical analysis of materials " from atomic to microscopic levels " and offers guidance to individuals wanting to conduct their own analyses. NMCF houses three transmission electron microscopes (TEMs); two scanning electron microscopes (SEMs); a focused Ga+ ion beam (FIB) microscope; extensive hardware/software for image simulation, processing and analysis; and a variety of specimen-preparation equipment. The facility also has three X-ray diffractometers (XRD’s) with a variety of capabilities and software for data analysis.

National Center for Hypersonic Combined Cycle Propulsion

The National Center for Hypersonic Combined Cycle Propulsion is led by Professor James McDaniel. The center will facilitate development of the analytical tools needed to design the engines for a future hypersonic aircraft " one that could fly up to 12 times the speed of sound. It was established in 2009 under a $10 million grant from NASA and the U.S. Air Force.

Next-Generation Real-Time Computing Laboratory

The Next-Generation Real-Time Computing Lab is part of the Department of Computer Science at the University of Virginia. The laboratory studies a wide range of issues in all aspects of real-time computing and wireless networks. Real-time principles are becoming important for all systems because audio and video streams are being utilized in many new contexts, from control applications to the next-generation Internet.

NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center

The NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center aims to develop a science, engineering and technology base for laser and plasma processing of materials, devices and systems. The center is building on existing research being conducted in plasma and photon processing. The multi-university team has the requisite expertise and equipment, valued in excess of more than $5 million, to pursue research and development in this area. The center provides a core technology base in lasers and plasma, support for the creation and growth of innovative collaborations among industry partners, and the opportunity to enhance existing research relationships with federal laboratories.

Peirce Laboratory

The Peirce Laboratory at the University of Virginia uses a parallel approach that combines experimental models with agent-based computational models to guide new approaches in tissue engineering. We are particularly interested in the microcirculatory system and how microvascular networks structurally adapt, through active growth and remodeling. These processes are relevant to a variety of diseases and pathologies, including heart disease, peripheral limb ischemia, cancer and diabetes.

Robert M. Berne Cardiovascular Research Center

The Robert M. Berne Cardiovascular Research Center is an evolving organization based on the voluntary scientific interactions of investigative faculty with a broad interest in research in diseases of the cardiovascular system. It is a lightning rod, attracting ongoing research in cardiovascular function, as well as stimulating new initiatives. The center is designed to be able to respond quickly to exciting new research opportunities by providing financial and administrative assistance. Such assistance offers innovative investigators the potential to adapt rapidly to new directions in their research programs, a capability that becomes ever more important as the pace of technology places greater importance on rapid reaction to scientific opportunity. The center is also dedicated to working with the faculty in making the University a center of state-of-the-art technological excellence.

Rotating Machinery and Controls Industrial Program

The Rotating Machinery and Controls Laboratory (ROMAC) conducts research in the areas of rotor dynamics, turbomachinery, structural dynamics, magnetic bearings, automatic controls, turbomachinery flows, fluid film bearings, and seals. The laboratory’s research is supported by a consortium of industries through the ROMAC Industrial Research Program.

Science and Engineering of Laser Interactions with Matter

The Science and Engineering of Laser Interactions with Matter (SELIM) is a graduate training program is designed to develop students with enhanced mastery and appreciation of the knowledge and state-of-the-art technical skills required for rapid advancements in modern science and technology.

Smart Travel Lab

The Smart Travel Lab is a state-of-the-art facility that supports research and education in the rapidly emerging area of intelligent transportation systems (ITS). Current projects include investigating potential benefits of vehicle infrastructure integration-enabled ramp metering, as well as evaluation of advanced traffic signal controllers using hardware in the loop simulation.

Space Physics and Surface Physics Theory Program

The Space Physics and Surface Physics Theory Program studies the physics and chemistry of energetic ion, electron and UV-photon interactions with surfaces and gases. the processes of interest are desorption and sputtering, as well as the radiolysis and photolysis of surfaces and gases. The motivation for the program’s research is to understand problems in space physics and astronomy.

Surface Science Center

The Surface Science Center provides services on surface analysis, including modifying the surface layers of materials by ion implantation, and surface characterization and depth profiling of sample compositions using a Perkin-Elmer 560 system. Available techniques are angle-resolved X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA), scanning auger electron microscopy with sub-micron resolution, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), ion scattering spectroscopy (ISS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Each technique can be combined with the others and with sputter etching (using a differentially pumped ion gun) to obtain composition depth profiles.

The Institute for Nanoscale and Quantum Scientific and Technological Advanced Reserach

Surface Science Center provides services on surface analysis, including modifying the surface layers of materials by ion implantation, and surface characterization and depth profiling of sample compositions using a Perkin-Elmer 560 system. Available techniques are angle-resolved X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA), scanning auger electron microscopy with sub-micron resolution, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), ion scattering spectroscopy (ISS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Each technique can be combined with the others and with sputter etching (using a differentially pumped ion gun) to obtain composition depth profiles.

Traffic Operations Lab

The Traffic Operations Lab (TOL) is part of the Center for Transportation Studies of the Department of Civil Engineering. TOL supports research and education related to traffic signal control, optimization and simulation, and is equipped with state-of-the-art traffic signal controllers and microscopic simulation programs, as well as hardware-in-the loop simulation (HILS) system. The HILS system allows testing of advanced features of actual traffic signal controllers within a laboratory environment. TOL has access to real-time traffic data from the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) traffic control systems through the Smart Travel Laboratory. TOL research focuses mainly on applications of advanced statistical techniques and optimization methods for developing traffic signal control algorithms and improving calibration and validation procedure for microscopic simulation models.

U.Va. Center for Wireless Health

The U.Va. Center for Wireless Health was established in 2009 to coordinate research efforts in this area across the University and with collaborators at other institutions. Ongoing projects include in-home sensors for identifying signs of depression, body-worn sensors for fall-risk assessment, and an artificial pancreas that combines blood glucose sensing and insulin pumping for Type I diabetics. All of the center’s projects include the use of novel wireless technologies to collect data on real patients. The results and experiences from these deployments inform the engineering research that yields subsequent technology generations and enables additional medical applications.

U.Va. Medical Informatics/Systems Engineering Training

The U.Va. Medical Informatics/Systems Engineering Training (MINDSET) program is designed to train researchers who are well-grounded in systems engineering methodologies as applied to health care and biological systems. This includes the NLM T15 program trainees as well as students funded by other sources.

University of Virginia Microfabrication Laboratories

The University of Virginia Microfabrication Laboratories (UVML) serves as the University’s center for research and development in solid-state materials, devices and circuits. This laboratory, formed from the AEpL laboratories (founded in 1967), has a 3,500 square-foot clean-room facility for device fabrication and materials growth, as well as a variety of other facilities for microwave and optical analysis, device design, testing and packaging. UVML operates out of the Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, but is open to and used by numerous other departments in the University.

Virginia NanoComputing group

The Virginia NanoComputing group (ViNO) focuses on three aspects of nanoelectronic modeling and simulation: (a) Fundamental Physics exploring nonequilibrium quantum flow of charge, spin and heat, going beyond traditional macroscopic classical concepts like friction and continuum mechanics, (b) Computational modeling of novel materials ranging from strained silicon to organic molecules, graphene, multiferroics and nanomagnets, and (c) Device engineering that deals with beyond roadmap CMOS such as strained silicon, nanowires, nanotubes and nanoribbons, to concepts beyond CMOS such as ratchets, NEMFETs, straintronics, pseudo- spintronics, noise based spectroscopy and bio-inspired computing.