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Bucknell University - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineers are engaged in the research, development, and manufacture of a wide range of chemical products, including basic chemicals, metals and alloys, fuels, pharmaceuticals, artificial fibers, and foods. Specific areas of interest include polymers, atmospheric chemistry &physics, nano composites, nuclear magnetic resonance methods, transport phenomena, biochemical engineering, and engineering education.

Civil and Environmental

Numerical simulation of materials with cohesive cracks; laboratory measurement of fracture properties of concrete. Application of nonlinear analysis to design steel buildings; Experimental and analytical studies of unbraced open-web steel joists; Development of a modified tangent modulus approach for the nonlinear analysis of steel structures. Seismic performance of cold-formed steel structures. Analysis of historic structures. Civil engineering history. Designing for construction site safety (Prevention through Design). Technological, economic and organizational factors influencing construction innovation. Innovation in project delivery methods. Biological treatment of industrial, hazardous, and municipal wastes including anaerobic treatment of solid wastes and chlorinated organics. Highway safety, roadside safety feature performance, analysis and design of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and implementation of sustainable transportation principles such as traffic calming, context sensitive design, and climate change adaptation planning. Physical hydrology, evapotranspiration, land-atmosphere interactions, remote sensing of hydrologic variables, watershed hydrology. Fluvial processes and geomorphology of rivers and streams, groundwater and surface-water interactions with respect to rivers and streams, effects of hydraulic structures on stream channel response. Properties, behavior, and longevity of engineered soil and geosynthetic barriers for waste containment and hydraulic control. Field performance of soil-bentonite vertical barriers. Modeling of contaminant transport through engineered barriers. Life cycle assessment and technoeconomic analysis of biomass conversion to energy. Solid waste engineering, sludge dewatering, wastewater treatment, professional and environmental ethics. The mechanism of bioflocculation or microbial aggregation and the aggregation of particles by chemical coagulants for the purification of water. Additional research is being performed on the use of constructed wetlands to treat agricultural runoff.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Electrical and computer engineering faculty have a wide range of scholarly interests that include signal processing, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, digital systems, computer networks, mobile computing, embedded and cyber-physical systems, fabrication and characterization of solar cells, and control systems. Specific projects include MRI signal processing for brain connectivity, robotic localization algorithms, , technologies for closed-loop physiology management in anesthesia, mobile device sensor performance evaluation, information extraction from speech signals, and radio/wireless transmission, reception and propagation.

Mechanical Engineering

Faculty research interests are in the following areas: acoustics, bio-engineering, bluff body aerodynamics, composite materials, computer aided materials testing, computer-based mechanics, computer modeling of engineering systems, energy for transportation, sustainable energy conversion, flexible self-erecting structures, flow-induced noise and vibration, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, internal combustion engines, gas turbine engines, vehicle dynamics, and robotics, design theory and methodology, design information management.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center