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University of Dayton - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Chemical & Materials Engineering

Research has been conducted in the area of modeling, control and automation of composite processing. There has been extensive work in model development, parametric study, and expert system knowledge-base development for autoclave curing of composites. Research is also conducted in biochemical engineering including biofluid mechanics nd thermophilic enzyme characterization to support biofuel production and study of thermopile ecology and physiology. Additional research includes chemical process operation with a focus on fault detection, diagnosis, hazard analysis employing distributed intelligent tools for fate estimation. Research is being pursued in nano-polymers, conductive polymers, nano-carbon tubes, hazard of nano-particles and nano-particle adhesives. Research efforts also center around materials processing characterization with special emphasis on aerospace structural materials. Specific work is being performed in carbon-carbon composites, titanium aluminides, NDE methods, ultrasonic techniques for characterization, simulation of mechanical behavior and micromechanics, high performance ceramics, and polymer electrolytes. Tribological damage-detection by acoustic sensing is actively pursued, as well as a system for detection of case-hardening of aviation steel bearings through multi-functional electromagnetic excitation is now being developed and commercialized.

Civil & Environmental Engineering & Engineering Mechanics

Research is actively being conducted in multiple areas of civil and environmental engineering including the geotechnical, structures, transportation, water and wastewater, and water resources areas as well as the engineering materials area. Specific applications can be found in soil-structure interaction for retaining structures and pipelines, causative factors in vehicle crashes, removal of emerging contaminants from water using activated carbon treatment, biological control of wastewater sludge bulking, energy management techniques for water supply systems, and the use of nanotechnology in improving life-cycle behavior of wind turbines. Other recent research activities include projects in developing design tools for composite materials, bridge safety, nanotechnology in environmental engineering, seismic behavior of coupled walls, and control strategies to minimize pollutants from electrical power generating stations.

Electrical and Computer Engineering-Electrical

Research is being pursued in the general areas of signal and imaging processing, sensor technology, controls, micro and nanoelectronics, radar, microwave engineering, and electro-optics. In the area of signal and image processing, our faculty have funded projects in wide area surveillance, embedded systems development for real-time image processing, new algorithms for improving color science, bio-medical imaging, etc. In the area of sensors, current projects include biopolymers for electronics, photonics, and sensors, wireless sensor development, etc. In the area of micro and nanoelectronics we have several funded projects in tunable dielectrics for frequency and phase agile electronics, Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) devices for IR cameras and sensing. In the area of controls, there are several projects related to unmanned aerial vehicles including autonomous navigation , visual servoing of robots, and sensors for robots. We also have several funded projects in microwave engineering including ultra-sensitive receiver technologies, agile antennas, radar signal processing, etc. Several of our faculty work closely with the Electro-Optics graduate program on meta-materials, and applications of meta-materials such as digital holography, nonlinear optics, and free-space optical communication, etc. In the digital systems area, our faculty have expertise in embedded systems, neuro-morphic computing, cluster computing, massive brain-scale simulations, computer vision, and machine learning.

Electro-Optics & Photonics

Research is being pursued in nanophotonics, nano-characterization and nano-metrology; thin-film engineering and nanofabrication; plasmonics and metamaterials; nonlinear, quantum and ultra-fast optics; biophotonics and bio-sensors; laser radar, optical phased arrays, beam steering and remote sensing; adaptive optics, atmospheric optics, laser power combining and directed energy; dynamic and digital holography; vector field engineering and polarization; optical tweezing and nano-manipulation; and silicon photonics and optoelectronic materials.

Engineering Management, Systems, & Technology

Research is being conducted in the areas of applied operations research and systems engineering. Recent applications include maintenance modeling, health care management, process improvement, and engineering education, impacting organizations within the industrial, defense, public-service, and academic sectors.

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering

Research is being pursued in control systems, mechatronics, combustion, fuels, aerodynamics, computational fluid dynamics, energy efficient buildings, energy efficient manufacturing, biomechanics, geothermal energy systems, engineering mechanics, kinematics, machine design, compressor optimization, sustainable design, creative and STEM teaching techniques.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

University of Dayton Research Institute

The University of Dayton Research Institute is a national leader in scientific and engineering research, serving government, industry and nonprofit customers. Our professional engineers and scientists conduct research and provide support in a wide variety of technical areas, ensuring customer success by delivering affordable and innovative solutions, leading-edge technologies and outstanding service. Our accomplishments are marked by integrity, respect for others, and commitment to the individual growth of our employees. Our major research areas include materials, energy and the environment, aeropropulsion, structures, mechanical systems, sensors and human factors. UDRI also contributes to the fulfillment of the University’s commitments to education, research and public service through the involvement of students, faculty and external partners.

Established as the research arm of the University of Dayton in 1956, UDRI performed more than $98 million in sponsored research in fiscal year 2015. The University of Dayton Research Institute is ranked third in the nation among all colleges and universities for sponsored materials research, according to the National Science Foundation. In Ohio, UDRI is number one among nonprofit institutions receiving contracts and grants from the Department of Defense. UDRI performs 90 percent of all research at the University of Dayton, which has helped UD become number one among all Catholic colleges in the nation for sponsored engineering research and STEM research.