Online Profiles

Worcester Polytechnic Institute - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

1. Biomedical Sensors; 2. Biomechanics; 3. Instrumentation; 4. Medical Imaging; 5. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy; 6. Ultrasound Measurements; 7. Somatosensory System Analysis; 8. Biomedical Materials; 9. Tissue Engineering; 10. Bioinformatics; 11. Microfluidics.

Chemical Engineering

1. Advanced Materials Processing (including Zeolite Science, Inorganic Membranes, Nanostructured Materials); 2. Biochemical Engineering (including Bioreactor Engineering, Bacterial Surface Interactions, Tissue Engineering, and Bioseparations); 3. Energy Engineering Fuels and Chemicals, Bioremediation 4. Catalysis and Reaction Engineering (including Adsorption and Transpost in Porous Media, Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysis, Model Catalysts, Membrane Reactions, Supported Molten Metal Catalysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics and Catalytic Microkinetics); 5. Fuel Cells (including PEM Fuel Cells and Catalytic Reforming); 6. Process Control (including Nonlinear Process Control, Process Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis); 7. Microfluidics and Biosensors; 8. Computational Chemistry, Energy, Applications.

Civil & Environmental Engineering

1. Structural Engineering (including structural mechanics, analysis and design); 2. Environmental Engineering (including water and wastewater treatment, water resources managment, solid-waste management and environmental impact analysis); 3. Construction Project Management; 4. Asphalt Technology; 5. Highway Safety; 6. Urban and Environmental Planning; 7. Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Material and Wax Modified Asphalt for Use in Recycled Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA); 8. Energy Harvesting in Pavements; 9. Using microbial source tracking in watershed management; 10. Fingerprinting Long-term Heavy Metal Transport and Sediment Contamination using Bioassay samples surrounding a Freshwater Riverine Ecosystem; 11. Environmental Issues of Gasoline Additives-Aqueous Solubility and Spills; 12. The use of e-commerce applications in construction: and interpretive model; 13. Levels of Granularity (LOG) in Building Information Modeling; 14. Design and Behavior of Tall Framed Tube Buildings; 15. Problem-based learning in Structural Engineering;

Computer Science

1. Algorithms; 2. Applied Logic; 3. Artificial Intelligence; 4. Computer Graphics; 5. Data Mining; 6. Data and Software Security; 7. Database and Information Systems; 8. Computational Complexity; 9. Human Computer Interaction; 10. Intelligent Tutoring Systems; 11. Networks and Distributed Systems; 12. Programming Languages; 13. Robotics; 14. Software Engineering; 15. User Interfaces; 16. Virtual Reality; 17. Visualization; 18. Web-based Systems.

Electrical & Computer Engineering

1. Analog and Mixed Signal IC Design; 2. Wireless and Ad-Hoc Networks, Crytography and Data Security, Network Security; 3. Reconfigurable Computing, Embedded Systems, Computer Architecture;
4. Precision Personnel Location Systems, GPS Systems, Software Defined Radios; 5. Power Systems and Power Electronics; 6. Computational Electromagnetics and Ultrasound. 7. Robotics

Fire Protection Engineering

Research thrusts include: 1. Performance of structural members, elements,and systems at elevated temperatures; 2. Fire and explosion hazards associated with flammable gases, liquids, and powders; 3. Regulatory reform; innovation in engineering design and regulatory practices; 4. Fire properties of materials and protective clothing; 5. Mathematical modeling and computer simulation of fire in buildings; 6. The use of computers in fire investigation and fire reconstruction; 7. Fire fighter safety; 8. Fire protection systems, including water mist-fire interactions, aging of water mist droplets, and dry pipe evaluations and fire detection systems.

Mechanical Engineering

Theoretical, numerical, and experimental work in fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, dynamics and vibrations, biomechanics, engineering design, heat transfer, electrodydrodynamics, laser holography, computational methods and mesh generation, probabilistic methods, reliability, and controls, control of intelligent systems, MEMS, nanomanufacturing, rehabilitation engineering, robotics.

Other Engineering

Robotics Engineering Program:
Robotics is a broad field encompassing many aspects of science and engineering. Faculty work on many topics and make fundamental contributions to this evolving field such as: Human-Robot Interaction and Interfaces; Medical and Assistive Robots; Computer Vision; Human Augmentation; Embedded Systems for Robots; Novel Sensors/Actuators and Robot Design; Motion Planning and Control; Soft Robots; Multi-Robot Systems

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Center for Advanced Research in Drying (CARD)

The Center for Advanced Research in Drying (CARD) is devoted to research in drying of moist, porous materials such as food and other agricultural products, forestry products, chemical products, textiles, and biopharmaceuticals. CARD is an NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center and was founded by WPI as a lead institution, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The CARD mission is to achieve transformative breakthroughs in drying and other relevant technologies. We expect these technologies will have a profound impact on U.S. manufacturing capabilities. Major innovations in this field, when commercialized, will positively affect production costs, process efficiency, energy sustainability, and product quality. The following provides the research areas within CARD.
• Drying Conditions, Processes, Applications and Techniques
• Optimizing Product Quality and Energy Consumption during Drying by Solving Multi-scale Transport Model issues
• Novel use of Nano- and Micro-Sensor Technology in Drying Applications
• Innovative Concepts in Drying of Moist Porous Material
• Moisture Management for Food Quality, Stability, and Safety
• Phase Behavior of Biopolymers and Impact on Product Quality
• Mechanical Modeling and Computer Software Tracking
• Product Microstructure, Characterization
• No-phase-change Dehydration Schemes and Other Novel Drying Concepts
• Innovative Impinging Jets with and without Chemical Reactions for Drying, Heating, and Cooling Applications
• Energy Auditing

Center for First Responder Technology

This project started as a result of the tragic incident in Worcester in 1999 when six firefighters lost their lives in a warehouse fire. The overall goal of the PPL project is to protect the lives of emergency responders and to enhance their ability to accomplish their missions through research and development of systems for personnel location and tracking, physiological and environment status monitoring, and command and control. This project brings together diverse technical capabilities from other centers and laboratories at WPI to address important problems for emergency responders, the most critical of which is precise location knowledge for each person in a building. Knowing their location and paths at all times increases the situational awareness of the incident commander and allows rescue teams to quickly find a lost of injured firefighter. Both graduate and undergraduate students work on the project, giving them the opportunity for research and development at the state of the art in communications, computation, and positioning"an unparalleled experience. The work has been supported by grants and awards from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, FEMA, and various companies.

Center for Imaging and Sensing (CIS)

The CIS is a center formed within WPI that is dedicated to the advancement of nondestructive testing methods and instrumentation through pre-competitive and collaborative research, as well as through training and education. The Center provides a technological forum for joint research efforts by industry, academia, and the federal government.
The objectives of the CIS is for industrial, governmental, and academic participants to undertake and facilitate the investigation of technological and scientific issues challenging nondestructive evaluation, while providing a venue to educate future industry participants and leaders.
The CIS acts as an independent catalyst for industrial innovation and the exchange of information and ideas in all aspects of nondestructive evaluation. By integrating scientists and engineers from different disciplines (electrical, mechanical, computer science), the CIS addresses the fundamentsl scientific and engineering issues facing the industrial sector that desires, or is required, to deploy NDE for quality assurance. The initial focus of CIS is on ultrasound, microwave, X-ray, and eddy current nondestructive instrumentation and applications.

Center for Inorganic Membrane Studies

The goals of the Center for Inorganic Membrane Studies are to develop industry and university collaboration for inorganic membrane research, and to promote and expand the science of inorganic membranes as a technological base for industrial applications through fundamental research. An interdisciplinary approach has been taken by the Center to assemble all of the essential skills in synthesis, modeling, material characterization, diffusion measurements and general properties determinations of inorganic membranes. Projects include dense and microporous organic membrane synthesis, membrane reactors, Pd and Pd/alloy membranes for hydrogen production and separation, reactive membrane studies. Currently, the Center is concentrating on the development of composite Pd and Pd/alloy membranes for hydrogen separation and production applications. The Center has one of the largest Pd membrane groups in the U.S. Facilities including SEM, TEM, NMR and several high temperature membrane characterization units are available.

Energy Research Center

Meeting the energy and chemical needs of the 21st century requires development of new technology and scientific understanding of energy conversion, power generation and storage, and chemical production. To meet these challenges, WPI faculty use a range of tools to understand the important chemical and physical phenomena at all relevant length scales, from the molecular to process. Some of our techniques include:
1.Computational modeling: We use mathematical models to predict the performance of new and existing energy and chemicals technologies at the molecular and reactor level, the interaction of energy technologies with external factors (including market forces), and the robustness of models in the face of known uncertainty.
2.Microreactor engineering: Microreactor techniques are used to improve process intensity and study chemical reactions under precisely controlled conditions.
3.Spectroscopy: We use conventional and on-line spectroscopy to follow chemical reactions at the molecular scale. Examples include on-line Raman spectroscopy of cellulose reactivity.
4.Electrochemical engineering: Through the Fuel Cell Center, WPI studies the operation of many different fuel cell platforms, including solid oxide fuel cells and fuel cells based on novel electrolytes.

Healthcare Delivery Institute (HDI)

The Healthcare Delivery Institute (HDI) at WPI is a university-wide interdisciplinary (engineering, science, and business) research and innovation institute, initiated and founded in October 2011 to have an impact on the future of healthcare, both nationally and globally.

HDI is the focal point for WPI’s patient-centric health and healthcare-related research and education programs as well as partnerships with industry, healthcare providers, and academic and government organizations. HDI’s vision is to be a national hub in central Massachusetts to generate innovative solutions for strategic challenges of healthcare delivery across the health continuum. The goal is to improve patient outcomes and consumer health.

Today, WPI and its partners develop, create, and demonstrate many user-driven innovations in a real-life test environment, the living lab of Worcester and surrounding communities, and HDI’s Living Lab Launchpad that connects WPI researchers with other organizations and end users to facilitate collaborative development. The outcomes lead to new products, processes, and tools. Over 30 WPI affiliated faculty along with their research teams, students, and industry experts are part of the HDI community.

Affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) and the Visiting Nurse Associations of New England (VNANE), HDI is advancing WPI’s applied research, technology and process innovations, and commercialization with external organizations.

Integrative Materials Design Center

iMdc's vision and mission are to define, disseminate, and implement a new design paradigm and supporting methodologies for failure prevention and increased performance, reliability, and recyclability. Design is based on material-process-component integration for common and seamless utilization in high-integrity applications across all manufacturing sectors.

Metal Processing Institute

MPI is an industry-university alliance dedicated to advancing the state of the art in the metal processing industry. Through its focus on metal processing, MPI brings fundamental understanding to existing processes, develops new methods, and addresses management-technology interface issues with input from its industrial partners. Though the work is fundamental in nature, the context of the work has well-identified commercial applications. MPI's research is strengthened by the experiential educational program it offers to both undergraduate and graduate students, and by the tutorials and special courses it makes available to the work force of member companies.

Regenerative Biosciences

This center focuses on research aimed at developing cellular, molecular, and engineering technologies that harness the body's natural regenerative abilities to heal wounds including bone, muscle, myocardium, heart valves, nerves, and soft connective tissues. The center draws upon WPI faculty expertise in the life sciences, surface chemistry and biomedical engineering, including areas such as stem cell and developmental biology, cell/surface analyses, biomaterials scaffold design and characterization, MEMS-based microfabrication, biomechanics and mechanobiology. Researchers in this center maintain close collaborations with clinicians and scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and other regional healthcare institutions.