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University of Rochester - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

Our research activities are diverse, ranging from medical imaging and image analysis to molecular and cellular engineering. In medical imaging we encompass ultrasound sonoelastography, MR image analysis for computer aided diagnostics, and optical imaging for cancer characterization. In molecular, cell and tissue engineering, we focus on biomaterial scaffolds for tissue generation, especially in musculoskeletal applications, cell-cell and cell-molecular interactions in inflammation, nano-structured materials for bioseparations and bioeffects of ultrasound in wound healing and tissue patterning. In neuroengineering we are primarily focused on cell to systems level investigations of the auditory system, but also engage in systems level research on the oculo-vestibular system. In biomechanics we are engaged in computational models of musculoskeletal tissues in relation to obesity and gait, cellular mechanics, and the mechanics of adhesion.

Chemical Engineering

The fundamental chemical engineering principles that we emphasize can be applied to a wide rage of disciplines. Chemical Engineering offers a diverse portfolio of research projects that cut across traditional fields. Our research is organized into pivotal areas which we feel will largely impact technology in areas related to energy, sustainability and the environment.

Computer Science

Our research activities are focused in: Artificial intelligence (natural language understanding, human computer interaction, knowledge acquisition, computer vision, mobile robotics, augmented reality, virtual reality, neural computation, machine learning, data mining); Systems (parallel and distributed systems mobile computing, compilers, networks, routine support systems); Theory (complexity theory algorithms, bioinformatics); Computer Vision, Machine Learning, Data Mining, Social Media, Biomedical Informatics, Human Computer Interaction, and Ubiquitous and Mobile Computing.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

The department of Electrical and Computer Engineering offers courses of study leading to M.S. and Ph.D. degrees. Ph.D. students are fully supported by the faculty's various research initiatives in the following areas: bioinformatics, communications, computer engineering, digital audio signal processing, energy, image processing, integrated circuits, medical imaging, microfluids, nanotechnology, quantum optoelectronics, sensors, spintronics, and wireless networks.

Hajim School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Renewable energy, affordable healthcare, and a sustainable planet are all tremendous challenges that will face humankind throughout the 21st century. In the last decade, it has become increasingly clear that the field of materials science and engineering is critical in addressing such challenges, by augmenting traditional materials areas with elements from diverse fields such as chemistry, biology, physics, and biomedicine. These challenges form the basis for our University-wide efforts to form a cohesive group of faculty, postdoctoral fellows, and students interested in Materials Science, which we have titled the Rochester Advanced Materials Program (RAMP).

Mechanical Engineering

The department of Mechanical Engineering offers graduate work leading to both the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering and in materials science. Applicants for admission typically have a general background in one of these areas, depending on degree program and interest: engineering, physics, applied physics, applied mathematics, materials science, mechanics, metallurgy, or chemistry. Mechanical Engineering faculty members have strong research ties with the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, the Rochester Center for Biomedical Ultrasound, and with various departments within the School of Medicine and Dentistry. Specific topics include nonlinear finite element analysis, solar magnetohydrodynamics, material fracture and fatigue, blood cell deformation, glass grinding and polishing, laser fusion, high energy density physics, plasticity of amorphous materials, bubble dynamics, the mechanics of the human heart, & mechanics of ancient structures.

The Institute of Optics

PhD research in The Institute of Optics spans a large variety of areas of Optics, from the fundamental areas to more applied engineering areas. Research in fundamental optical physics includes quantum optics, nonlinear optics, ultrafast optics and high field sciences, and physical optics. The middle ground of the fundamental-to-applied spectrum includes the research topics of biomedical optics, and fibers and optical communications, nano-optics, optical materials, optoelectronics and lasers. The more applied research in optics includes image science and systems, optical fabrication and testing, and optical engineering and design. Regardless of their research areas, all PhD students at The Institute take courses that cover the full range of topics from optical physics to optical engineering.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Center for Emerging & Innovative Sciences

The Center for Emerging & Innovative Sciences promotes economic development through industry-university collaboration and technology transfer. CEIS is one of 15 Centers for Advanced Technology (CATs) funded by NYSTAR, a division of the New York State Empire State Development. Our primary technology focus is on optics, photonics, and imaging in support of the regional cluster of companies in those industries. We also support projects in the biomedical, energy, and electronics areas in response to the ongoing diversification of the Finger Lakes regional economy. By bringing together multiple universities, companies, government agencies, and economic development organizations in a collaborative environment we provide leadership in the identification and realization of technology-driven economic development in the Finger Lakes region. CEIS does not perform research; instead we provide matching funds to magnify the impact of corporate-sponsored research in existing labs at our partner universities. In this way we leverage the substantial investment in university research that already has been made.

Laboratory for Laser Energetics

The Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) employs and provides research opportunities for nearly 500 staff, faculty and students. Since 1989, LLE has been conducting a summer high school program. Graduate students have opportunities in Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Optical Engineering and Electrical Engineering. Current research includes: Conducting laser-fusion implosion experiments for the National Ignition Campaign; developing new laser and materials technology; providing education in electro-optics, high-power lasers, high energy density physics, plasma physics and nuclear fusion technologies; researching and developing advanced technology related to high-energy-density physics; operating the National Laser Users' Facility (NLUF).

Rochester Center for Biomedical Ultrasound

Research at the Rochester Center for Biomedical Ultrasound (RCBU) is dedicated to advancing the use of ultrasound in diagnosis and discovering new therapeutic applications of ultrasound in medicine and biology.