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University of Arizona - 2016

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Research Description

Research Description By Graduate Engineering Department

Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering

Research activities are concentrated in fluid mechanics and aerodynamics, multibody dynamics and control, heat transfer, solid mechanics and composite materials, space technology, biomedical engineering and reliability.

Some of the emerging areas of concentration include microelectomechanical systems (MEMS), nanotechnology and optomechanics. The department has a strong presence in the applied mathematics and biomedical engineering interdisciplinary programs.

Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering

Research in broad areas of Agricultural Water Resources Engineering, Biological Engineering, Environmental Engineering and Advanced Systems and Technologies.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering integrates engineering with biology and medicine, leading to the development of a wide variety of medical devices, medical procedures, and basic understanding of biological processes. Research strengths at the University of Arizona include biomedical imaging (especially optical, magnetic resonance, gamma-ray, and ultrasound), nanomedicine and bio-nanotechnology, simulation of biological systems, bioprocesses, cardiovascular engineering, and medical devices. Emphasis is placed on translation of scientific discoveries and engineering solutions into medical applications.

Chemical and Environmental Engineering

Our research programs have pioneered environmentally benign manufacturing for the semiconductor industry through the Engineering Research Center for Environmentally Benign Semiconductor Manufacturing. To address the increasing demands on water resources (especially in arid and semi-arid regions), we have one of the largest groups of academic researchers and students working on problems that span issues from water purification to reclamation to desalination, including research on occurrence, fate and treatment of emerging contaminants, bioremediation, and arsenic treatment and stabilization. Research partnerships in solar energy, renewable resources, air pollution and nanomanufacturing have been established recently with other science and engineering departments at the University of Arizona.

Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics

The CEEM Department has a wide range of research interests including the use of composites for structural retrofits, theoretical and applied research in the mechanics of engineering materials, geo-environmental engineering, seismic response of structural and foundation elements, structural reliability, transportation planning, and the development of decision support systems for multi reservoir operations under hydroclimatic variability. Interdisciplinary options are available by combining various areas of the program.

College of Engineering

Research and education go hand in hand at the University of Arizona College of Engineering. Each year we share our discoveries and publish hundreds of papers in the leading engineering and science journals.

Participating in the discovery process in research is a key piece of both our graduate and undergraduate programs. Our goal is to create knowledge and implement systems that will improve the quality of life for all people.

Research Portfolio
Our research portfolio includes more than 100 funded projects, and research expenditures have increased during the past five years. In fiscal year 2012 we had expenditures of more than $28 million and awards of more than $33 million. We support more than 200 graduate research assistants and have hundreds of undergraduates and high school interns in our laboratories.

Involving students in research is a key part of our recruiting strategy and a strength of the College. By any measure, the research future of the College is extremely bright.

Research Philosophy
We continue to strive to solve important problems relative to our region and to the nation, but as problems become more difficult they invariably require engineering ideas from different disciplines. It is imperative, therefore, that we attack problems with a broad array of skills and talent. Compared to a decade ago, we now have far more team research projects and multi-investigator, large-dollar programs.

To support our faculty in this change, we have upgraded our facilities and enhanced our staff skills. We work hard at research development and we find projects from industry, the federal government, defense agencies, and private foundations. Our goals are increasing knowledge and educating students, and we are developing funding and facilities to fully accomplish them.

Computer Science

Our department emphasizes high quality research to prepare our undergraduate and graduate students for positions in the design and development of computer systems and applications in business and industry, and for scientific positions in industrial and academic computing research. Our strengths lie in the traditional mainstream areas of computer science: algorithms, programming languages, operating systems, distributed computing, networks, databases, and theory of computing. Our faculty serve on the editorial boards of a variety of journals, serve on program committees, publish books, and serve as fellows and chairs of organizations within the ACM and IEEE.

The most recent National Research Council rankings place the department 16th among public Ph.D.-granting institutions nationwide. It is ranked the best computer science department of its size (15-20 faculty) among publicly funded Universities, is ranked first in number of citations of papers per faculty member, and is ranked 17th overall in publications per faculty.

Electrical and Computer Engineering

The ECE Department has active research programs in diverse areas: communications, control systems, signal and image processing, computer systems, software engineering, computer networks, electromagnetics, optical systems, optical signal processing and interconnects, remote sensing, microelectronics, ultra-clean water processing, analog and digital VLSI design, and many related areas.

Materials Science and Engineering

The MSE Department has exceptionally strong links to industry. More than 20% of its research support comes from corporations, in addition to support provided by centers. Scientists and engineers from industry frequently visit the department, and faculty members serve on boards of directors and corporate advisory boards at several firms. The MSE faculty are engaged in research in such areas as optical materials, electronic and photonic materials, advanced ceramics, fullerene chemistry, chemical metallurgy, and biomaterials.

Mining and Geological Engineering

The MGE Department is active in research in the areas of geomechanics, mine production and information technology, sustainable development, health and safety, mineral processing and extractive metallurgy and geophysics. The Department is a founding member of the Lowell Institue for Mineral Resources. the Institute for Mineral Resources is a leading global center for mineral resources that bridges pure and applied research in the fields of science, social science, engineering, health, business, leadership, policy, and that works with leaders in these fields to develop policies and practices about responsible stewardship. Research in the Institute currently focuses on lowering the water and energy consumption in mining and processing, improving our understanding of the fundamental geology of mineral deposits, mine information technology and process improvement, ensuring healthy and safe communities and workforces, and informing policy decisions. The Department has strong industry funding and interacts with nearly every major mining company. the Department is highly collaborative and encourages interdisciplinary research.

Optical Sciences & Engineering

The research programs at OSC span the breadth of the optical sciences, from the big " polishing the telescope mirrors that explore the stars " to the small " fabricating the nanotechnologies that move digital data more quickly.

From the hot " fine-tuning the images that diagnose cancer " to the very cold " stopping single atoms with laser beams " the college strives for excellence in the study of all aspects of the engineering and physics of light.

Use the search box in the left column to find faculty members with particular interests, or browse our professors' research summaries by their specialties:

Optical Engineering
Optical Physics
Image Science

Systems and Industrial Engineering

Research in many areas of systems design and analysis. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental technologies of probabilistic modeling, optimization, simulation decision theory, intelligent systems and software engineering. Applications are stressed in the areas of manufacturing, transportation, logistics, communication systems, quality and reliability.

Research Description By Engineering Research Center

Arizona Center for Accelerated Biomedical Innovation

The Arizona Center for Accelerated Biomedical Innovation, or ACABI, is a place where investigators can work with other experienced innovators to flesh out their ideas, consider next steps in the development of their technologies, and access scientific and business resources to move those ideas forward. The center also will help to create connections between emerging research and market needs, thus directing research more rapidly toward solutions such as new drug therapies, medical interventions and diagnostic technologies

Arizona Materials Laboratory

The AML hosts a large array of state-of-the-art equipment needed for cutting edge research in the materials science and engineering field. This equipment is also offered for use to the scientific community and industry at large.

Arizona Research Institute for Solar Energy

AzRISE is a response to the challenge of planning for large-scale, affordable solar energy power generation and training the work force that will make this transition possible. The research goals of AzRise include identifying, funding, and coordinating Arizona-specific solar energy research opportunities, developing intellectual property and promoting development and widespread adoption of solar energy.

Arizona Transportation Research Instititue

ATLAS is a Center of Excellence established by the University of Arizona for research and development of algorithms and systems in traffic and logistics management. The Center consolidates and enhances related research assists in the transfer of intelligent transportation systems technology and facilitates advanced educational programs in these areas for students, practicing engineers, managers and researchers. Current major research efforts include the RHODES project -- to develop an intelligent traffic management system -- the VISTA project -- to design and study intelligent vehicles -- and container logistics for movement of goods.

Broadband Wireless Access and Applications Center

Existing wireless access and wireless spectrum regulatory models fall short
in their ability to meet the predicted mobile traffic demand. As demand for
higher data rates and increased functionality in a variety of modern wireless
applications increases, new technologies are needed to ensure wireless
connectivity and data transfer.
The UA has established a National Science Foundation-funded research
center " the Broadband Wireless Access and Applications Center " to create
flexible, efficient, reliable and secure wireless access and application solutions
that help satisfy society’s broadband communication needs.

Center for Environmentally Benigh Semiconductor Manufacturing

This center develops technologies, processes and procedures that will reduce the environmental impact of semiconductor manufacturing. Work in this NSF/SRC Engineering Research Center focuses on studies in the areas of ultrapure water, water recycling, plasma processes, wet chemicals, chemical-mechanical polishing and risk assessment.

Nano Fabrication and Processing Center

Several advanced research projects are currently under way in this laboratory, including research projects under the auspices of the National Science Foundation, Sematech, and private sponsors. The Center for Micro Contamination Control and the Center for Benign Semiconductor Manufacturing also conduct major research in the laboratory.

NSF Cloud and Autonomic Computing Center

Autonomic computing denotes a broad area of scientific and engineering research on methods, architectures and technologies for the design, implementation, integration and evaluation of special and general purpose computing systems, components and applications that are capable of autonomously achieving desired behaviors. Autonomic computing systems aim to be self-managed in order to enable independent operation, minimize cost and risk, accommodate complexity and uncertainty or enable systems of systems with large numbers of components. Hence, system integration and automation of management are important areas of research whose contexts subsume other autonomic computing research topics.

The Lowell Institute for Mineral Resources (IMR)

The Lowell Institute for Mineral Resources (IMR) at the University of Arizona has been created to advance scientific, technological and educational aspects of mineral discovery, extraction and processing, including the environmental and societal issues that accompany these processes. the Institute is a leading global center for mineral resources that bridges pure and applied research in the fields of science, social scince, engineering, health, business, leadership, policy, and that works with leaders in these fields to develop policies and practices about responsible stewardship. The Institute is funded by a $17.7M public-private partnership. The Institute is currently sponsoring over 20 research projects employing 19 graduate students and involving 15 faculty members. the principal collaborating colleges are Engineering, Science, and Public Health with growing participation from Agriculture and Life Scineces and Social Sciences. the research themes for the IMR are: Resource Science; Technology; Environmental and Social Responsibility; Health and Safety; Policy and Economics. The Institute administers the graduate Lowell Professional Programs in Mineral Resources including a Professional Science Masters, a Master of Engineering specialization, 3 certificates, 2 field courses, and 9 short courses.

UA Institute For Energy Solutions

AIES (formerly the Renerable Energy Network) is a university-wide initiative designed to support the expanded regional, national, and global use of abundant, clean, and economical renewable energy by connecting community and industry to the UA’s research and educational programs.

AIES - In partnership with researchers, students, business and government leaders, works to:

- Reduce our reliance on carbon-emitting energy sources

- Increase access to energy services and economic development potential

- Effectively integrate renewable energy into a complex electric grid system

- Develop pathways for advanced energy innovation

- Understand the link between energy and water and improve access to these services

- Promote sustainable approaches for urban and rural energy delivery systems

UA Space Domain Awareness Initiatives

The University of Arizona Space Object Behavioral Sciences initiative, part of the Defense and Security Research Institute, is focused on locating satellites, studying the movement of objects in space, and managing space traffic.

SOBS research focuses on the science and technology R&D of space object behavior and operations in the following context:

- National and international space laws, policies, regulations, guidelines, and recommendations as inputs into space object behavior

- Country-specific doctrine and culture as influencers of space object behavior

- Astrodynamics " with an emphasis on non-gravitational forces and torques

- Big data science and analytics for quantifying, assessing and predicting space object behavior

- Decision support systems, space situational awareness, information visualization, and course of action development

- Space information systems design, development, management and use

- Technologies that support collection, processing, storage, fusion and dissemination of real-time and stored space object behavior-based quantities

Water and Energy Sustainable Technology

The WEST Center is a world renowned venue focused on water and wastewater treatment and monitoring, alternative energy and related technologies. WEST is co-located with the Pima County, brand new 21st Century Water Reclamation Facility, “Agua Nueva.” WEST is also adjacent to reclaimed water recharge basins and constructed wetlands, all of which is part of a Water Reclamation Campus. WEST is unique in its ability to conduct the translational research necessary to advance the sustainable technologies of the future..

Objectives -
- Develop, evaluate and demonstrate technologies that advance water and energy sustainable solutions
- Provide a holistic view/life cycle analysis of the critical water/energy nexus through state-of-the-art research
- Facilitate technology transfer between UA, public utilities, and the private sector
- Promote jobs and economic stimulus within the community
- Educate and train technicians, utility personnel, and UA students
- Educate the community with respect to the water:energy nexus
- Directly assist the region and the world in demonstrating the safety and reliability of recycled water